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Taking the Cattle out
Both, Jan
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Both, Jan

Utrecht, 1618 - Utrecht, 1652

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Taking the Cattle out

1639 - 1641. Oil on canvas Not on display

This painting entered the Museum`s holdings as an original work by Jan Both, an attribution that has been maintained in subsequent catalogues and accepted without question by specialists. On the basis of its handling of light, Burke (1976) relates it to two of Claude Lorrain`s landscapes for the Buen Retiro, Moses saved from the Waters and Landscape: The Archangel Raphael and Tobias (Prado, P2255).

In this case the theme has not been identified. Luna (1984) proposes as a possible subject matter the journey of Tobias and Sarah from Nineveh to Media (Tobias X:10-11), although the iconography does not appear to be consonant with the biblical account. It is probably simply a bucolic scene. As in Baptism of the Eunuch of Queen Candace (P2060), the perspective is very high and the horizontality of the planes that extend into the background -a characteristic of Italianate landscapes- is offset by the inclusion of a diagonal plane of light running from the background to the left and illuminating the path along which the cowherds and their cattle are advancing. The work displays stylistic features characteristic of Both, such as the loose brushwork and thinly applied paint, and the rendering of the leaves of the trees and the vegetation using small brushstrokes and highlights. The X-ray image reveals that the various landscape features are rendered in a similar manner to those in Baptism of the Eunuch of Queen Candace, although here the strip of light outlining the background mountains is broader. The background trees were included during the execution process, as in Landscape with Carmelites (P2058).

In type and handling, the figures recall those in Baptism of the Eunuch of Queen Candace. In early Museum catalogues they are attributed to Andries Both (1612/13-1642). The X-ray image shows that they were added after the landscape was completed, but are not rendered differently from other elements in the painting. The present landscape was included by José de Madrazo in the collection of lithographs of the pictures of King Ferdinand VI, the Colección litográfica de los cuadros del rey de España el señor don Fernando Séptimo. Ceán Bermúdez states in the related text: Although it is not listed in the catalogue of the pictures of the Royal Museum in Madrid, it forms part of this collection. It was not included among those of the Italian school, being reserved along with others for the Dutch school, which remains to be put in place. No doubt in the belief that it should belong to the latter as Both was from that nation (Text drawn from Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, 2009, p. 332).

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Technical data

Related artworks

Taking the Cattle out
Scraper on wove paper, 1826 - 1829
Taking the Cattle out
Scraper on wove paper, 1826 - 1829
Inventory number
P002061
Author
Both, Jan
Title
Taking the Cattle out
Date
1639 - 1641
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 213 cm.; Width: 153 cm.
Series
Paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro
Provenance
Royal Collection (Buen Retiro Palace, Madrid, 1701, [132]; New Royal Palace, Madrid, 1772, "estudio de Andrés de la Calleja", no. 132; Buen Retiro Palace, 1794, no. 668).

Bibliography +

Waddingham, Malcom R., Herman van Swanevelt in Rome, Paragone, 121, 1960, pp. 37-50 [44].

Waddingham, Malcom R., Andries and Jan Both in France and Italy, Paragone : mensile de arte figurativa, 1964, pp. 13-43.

Waddingham, Malcom R., Andries and Jan Both in France and Italy, Paragone, 171, 1964, pp. 13-43 [28-33,37 il.37].

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 224.

Inventarios reales: testamentaria del Rey Carlos II : 1701-1, Museo del PradoPatronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 287/ nº132.

Burke, James D., Jan Both : Paintings, Drawings and Prints. Tesis Doctoral, Garland Publishing, Nueva York, 1976, pp. 84,85,88,222.

Roethlisberger, Marcel, Im Licht Von Claude Lorrain : Landchftsmalerei Aus Drei Jahr, Hirmer Verlag, Múnich, 1983, pp. nº117.

Claudio de Lorena y el ideal clásico de paisaje en el siglo, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1984, pp. nº4.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 74-75.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York, 1986, pp. 192,202.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

García Gual, C., 'Relato mítico y momento pictórico. Rubens y Ovidio'. En Historias inmortales, Barcelona, 2003, pp. 281-298.

Vergara, Alejandro, Jan Both. La salida al campo con el ganado., El Palacio del Rey Planeta: Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 262-263 nº54.

Capitelli, Giovanna, Los paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro, En: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 262-266.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 239-242.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, El paisaje nórdico en el Prado: Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2011, pp. 146,148, 165 / 54.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Rubens, Brueghel, Lorrain. A Paisagem Nórdica do Museu do Prado, Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga - INCM - Museo Nacional del Prado, Lisboa, 2013, pp. 144,161 n.54.

Prado captive beauty: treasures from the Prado Museum, Mitsubishi Ichigokan Museum, 2015, pp. n.52.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [132].
[132] Ottro de Dos Uaras y media de altto y siette quartas de ancho de mano del Yttaliano de Un Cropusculo Con ttres Uaquillas Una mujer y Un hombre Con marco tallado y dorado tasado en Zinquentta Doblones ... 3.000

Inv. Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1772. Núm. 132.
Estudio de don Andres de la Calleja Pintor de Cámara de su magd. [...] {13331} 132 / = Retiro= Un crepusculo y una pastora a caballo con vnas vacas igual [dos varas y media de alto y dos escasas de ancho] y del mismo autor [Claudio lorenes]

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 668.
{3031} 668. Otra [pintura] de Claudio Lorenès. Un Pais con unas figuras, de dos varas y media de alto y vara y tres quartas de ancho ... 3.000

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. fol.428.
Ciento noventa y ocho. Pais con Pastores y Bacas Bot Iº. 8.300

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1774.
J. Both / 1774. La salida al campo. / Pais montuoso; por un camino que hay formando cuesta bajan unos vaqueros con su ganado. Efecto de sol naciente. / Figuras de Andres Both (C.L.) / Alto 7pies, 7 pulg; ancho 5 pies, 6 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1190.
1190.-(1774-R.)-La salida al campo.-País montuoso. Por una cuesta, á la vera de un barranco, bajan unos vaqueros con su ganado.-Efecto de sol saliente.-Figuras de A.Both./ Col. de Felipe IV, Pardo.-C.L./ Alto 2,12; ancho 1,53.-L.

Exhibitions +

Velázquez, Rembrandt, Vermeer. Miradas afines
Madrid
25.06.2019 - 29.09.2019

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Lisboa
03.12.2013 - 30.03.2014

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Palma de Mallorca
20.06.2013 - 29.09.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Sevilla
14.03.2013 - 02.06.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Zaragoza
20.12.2012 - 24.02.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Valencia
25.09.2012 - 25.11.2012

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Santiago de Compostela
01.12.2011 - 18.03.2012

Dutch Painters at the Prado
Madrid
03.12.2009 - 11.04.2010

El palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro
Madrid
06.07.2005 - 30.10.2005

Update date: 16-01-2020 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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