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The Holy Family with an Oak Tree
;
Romano, GiulioRafael
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Romano, Giulio
Roma, 1499 - Mantua, 1546
Rafael
Urbino, 1483 - Roma, 1520

The Holy Family with an Oak Tree

1518 - 1520. Oil on panel, 144 x 110 cm.

Leaning on a classical ruin, Saint Joseph looks at the Virgin Mary with the Christ Child in her lap. Jesus, in turn, is receiving a roll with the words Ecce Agnus Dei from Saint John. This Latin inscription meaning Lamb of God refers to the Passion of Christ, who sacrifices himself, just as lambs were sacrified by the Jews, in order to save humanity from sin. The oak tree standing behind the main group gives its name to the work and separates the figures from the background landscape and the ruins of the Caracalla Baths on the left. The composition of this work was drawn by Rafael, who probably also made a first sketch, but it would be retouched and finished by Giulio Romano. We can see its similarity to the composition of The Pearl (P00301), also by Raphael, in the importance given to the landscape and the artist´s interest in contrasting light. But the manner of grouping the figures is different: here they are arranged diagonally, rather than in pyramid form. In 1640, Niccolò Ludovissi gave this work to Philip IV (1605-1665) and it is listed as being in the Monastery of El Escorial in 1667.

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Technical data

Inventory number
P00303
Author
Romano, Giulio ; Rafael
Title
The Holy Family with an Oak Tree
Date
1518 - 1520
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
High/Height: 144 cm.; Width: 110 cm.; Base/bottom: 3 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Passavant, J. D., Le Peintre-Graveur. . . Catalogue Supplementaire Aux Estampes du XV et XVI Siecle, Leipzig Rudolph Weigel, 1860, pp. 249-250, n. 226.

Crowe, J. A.; Cavalcaselle, G. B., Raphael: His Life and Works, London John Murray, 1882-1885, pp. 473-476.

Rosemberg, Adolf, Raffael. Des Meisters Gemalde, Stuttgart-Berlin Deutche Verlags Anstalt, 1908, pp. 161.

Crowe, J. A(Joseph Archer), A new history of painting in Italy: from the II to the XVI, London-New York J.M.Dent and CoE.P.Dutton and Co, 1909.

Burckhardt, J., Reviews and Notices THE BURLINGTON MAGAZINE PUBLICATION, 1913, pp. 305.

Bolín, L. A., ¿Un reto al Museo del Prado?, 1933.

Bonzi, M., Il racioglitore ligure DEUTSCHER KUNSTVERLAG, 1933, pp. 138.

Les chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée du Prado: exposition, Musée d'ar, Genéve Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, 1939, pp. 34.

Hartt, F., Raphael and Giulio Romano, with Notes on the Raphael School : College Art Association of Americ, 1944, pp. 67-94 [93].

Camesasca, E., Tutta la pittura di Raffaello. I quadri, Milano Rizzoli, 1956, pp. 91-92, n. 133.

De Vecchi, P., L'opera completa di Raffaello, Milano Rizzoli, 1966, pp. n. 139.

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Ponz, A., Viage de España, Madrid, 1972, pp. 43.

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De Vecchi, P., Rafaello. La Pittura, Firenze Giunti Martello, 1981, pp. n. 91.

Pezzini, G.B., Raphael Invenit. Stampe Da Raffaello Nelle Collezioni Dell'I, Roma Edizioni Quasar, 1985, pp. 206-207, 740-743.

Joannides, P., The early easel paintings of Giulio Romano : Sansoni Editore, 1985, pp. 17-46 [37-38].

Museo Nacional del Prado., Museo del Prado : catálogo de las pinturas /, Madrid Museo del Prado,, 1985.

Rafael en España /, Madrid Dirección General de Bellas Artes y Archivos,, 1985, pp. 105-108, 142.

Museo Nacional del Prado., Museo del Prado : catálogo de las pinturas /, Madrid Museo del Prado,, 1985, pp. 529-530.

Ettlinger, L., Raphael, Oxford Phaidon, 1987, pp. 215.

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Nesselrath, A., Das fossombroner Skizzenbuch, London Warburg Institute, 1993, pp. 21, 54.

Salvy, G.-J., Giulio Romano. Une manière extravagante et moderne, Paris Lagune, 1994, pp. 31.

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Graphik als Spiegel der Malerei. Meisterwerke der Reproduktionsgraphik 1500-1830, Milano Silvana Editoriale-MNHA, 2009, pp. 174-175.

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Finaldi, Gabriele, 'Zurbarán, il 'Caravaggio spagnolo' e la pittura italiana' En:, Ferrara Fondazione Ferrara Arte - Centre dex Beaux Arts de Bruxelles, 2013, pp. 48-59 [58].

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Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 723.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 371.

Exhibitions +

El último Rafael
París
08.10.2012 - 14.01.2013

El último Rafael / Raphaël, les dernières années. Late Raphael Raphaël, les dernières années
Madrid
12.06.2012 - 16.09.2012

Late Raphael
12.06.2012 - 16.09.2012

Location +

Room 049 (On Display)

Update date: 12-02-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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