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The Holy Family with an Oak Tree
Romano, Giulio; Rafael
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Romano, Giulio
Roma, 1499 - Mantua, 1546
Rafael
Urbino, 1483 - Roma, 1520

The Holy Family with an Oak Tree

1518 - 1520. Oil on panel, 144 x 110 cm.

Leaning on a classical ruin, Saint Joseph looks at the Virgin Mary with the Christ Child in her lap. Jesus, in turn, is receiving a roll with the words Ecce Agnus Dei from Saint John. This Latin inscription meaning Lamb of God refers to the Passion of Christ, who sacrifices himself, just as lambs were sacrified by the Jews, in order to save humanity from sin. The oak tree standing behind the main group gives its name to the work and separates the figures from the background landscape and the ruins of the Caracalla Baths on the left. The composition of this work was drawn by Rafael, who probably also made a first sketch, but it would be retouched and finished by Giulio Romano. We can see its similarity to the composition of The Pearl (P00301), also by Raphael, in the importance given to the landscape and the artist´s interest in contrasting light. But the manner of grouping the figures is different: here they are arranged diagonally, rather than in pyramid form. In 1640, Niccolò Ludovissi gave this work to Philip IV (1605-1665) and it is listed as being in the Monastery of El Escorial in 1667.

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The Holy Family with the Oak Tree
Taille douce: etching and engraving on laid paper, 1791 - 1800
Inventory number
P00303
Author
Romano, Giulio ; Rafael
Title
The Holy Family with an Oak Tree
Date
1518 - 1520
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
High/Height: 144 cm.; Width: 110 cm.; Base/bottom: 3 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Palacio de la Moncloa, 1827)

Bibliography +

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Crowe, J. A.; Cavalcaselle, G. B., Raphael: His Life and Works, II, John Murray, London, 1882-1885, pp. 473-476.

Rosemberg, Adolf, Raffael. Des Meisters Gemalde, Deutche Verlags Anstalt, Stuttgart-Berlin, 1908, pp. 161.

Crowe, J. A(Joseph Archer), A new history of painting in Italy: from the II to the XVI, III, J.M.Dent and CoE.P.Dutton and Co, London-New York, 1909.

Burckhardt, J., Reviews and Notices, The Burlington Magazine, 22/23, 1913, pp. 305.

Bolín, L. A., ¿Un reto al Museo del Prado?, Blanco y Negro, 1933.

Bonzi, M., Il racioglitore ligure, Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, 1/2, 1933, pp. 138.

Noul, M., Sotomayor, F., Muguruza, P., Les chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée du Prado, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Genéve, 1939, pp. 34.

Hartt, F., Raphael and Giulio Romano, with Notes on the Raphael School, The Art bulletin, 26, 1944, pp. 67-94 [93].

Camesasca, E., Tutta la pittura di Raffaello. I quadri, I, Rizzoli, Milano, 1956, pp. 91-92, n. 133.

De Vecchi, P., L'opera completa di Raffaello, Rizzoli, Milano, 1966, pp. n. 139.

Dussler, L., Raphael: a critical catalogue of his pictures, wall-paintings and tapestry, Phaidon, London-New York, 1971, pp. 50-51.

Ponz, A., Viage de España, VI, Madrid, 1972, pp. 43.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972, pp. 529.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: pintura italiana anterior a 1600, Gredos, Madrid, 1979, pp. 82-85.

De Vecchi, P., Rafaello. La Pittura, Giunti Martello, Firenze, 1981, pp. n. 91.

Pezzini, G.B., Raphael Invenit. Stampe Da Raffaello Nelle Collezioni Dell'I, Edizioni Quasar, Roma, 1985, pp. 206-207, 740-743.

Joannides, P., The early easel paintings of Giulio Romano, Paragone, 36, 1985, pp. 17-46 [37-38].

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985.

Rafael en España /, Dirección General de Bellas Artes y Archivos, Madrid, 1985, pp. 105-108, 142.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 529-530.

Ettlinger, L., Raphael, Phaidon, Oxford, 1987, pp. 215.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. n. 723.

Nesselrath, A., Das fossombroner Skizzenbuch, Warburg Institute, London, 1993, pp. 21, 54.

Salvy, G.-J., Giulio Romano. Une manière extravagante et moderne, Lagune, Paris, 1994, pp. 31.

Ruiz Manero, Jose Maria., Pintura italiana del siglo XVI en España /, Fundación Universitaria Española, Madrid, 1996, pp. 42-47.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura italiana del Renacimiento: guía, Museo del PradoAldeasa, Madrid, 1999, pp. 54-55.

Oberhuber, Konrad, Raphael. The Paintings, Prestel Verlag, Munich-London-New York, 1999, pp. 241, il. 224.

Meyer zur Capellen, J., Raphael. A critical catalogue of his paintings, II, Arcos, Münster, 2005, pp. 190-194, n. 65.

Gachenot, S., Férrol Bonnemaison, peintre, marchand, restaurateur de tableaux et directeur des restaurations au Musée Royal de 1816 à 1826, Bulletin de la Societé de l'historie de l'art francaise, 2007, pp. 269-310.

Franklin, D., From Raphael to Carracci. The art of Papal Rome, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, 2009, pp. 406-407.

Ginzburg, S., Il più dolce lavorare che sia. Mélanges en l' honneur de Ma...Una fonte antica e un possibile committente per la Madonna della Quercia, Milano, 2009, pp. 103-113.

Graphik als Spiegel der Malerei. Meisterwerke der Reproduktionsgraphik 1500-1830, Silvana Editoriale-MNHA, Milano, 2009, pp. 174-175.

Bouza, F., De Rafael a Ribera y de Nápoles a Madrid. Nuevos inventarios de la colección Medina de las Torres-Stigliano (1641-1656), Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXVII, 2009, pp. 44-71.

González Mozo, A., La técnica pictórica de Rafael en Roma. En:, Henry, T. Joannides, P. (dir) El último Rafael, 2012, pp. 319-349 [325-332, 337-339].

Henry, T. Joannides, P., Rafael, G. Romano 'Sagrada Familia del roble' En:, El último Rafael, 2012, pp. 208-213, n.53.

Henry, T. Joannides, P., Raphaël, G. Romano 'La Madone au chêne' En:, Raphaël. Les dernières annés, Hazan, 2012, pp. 208-213, n.53.

González Mozo, A., La technique picturale de Raphaël à Rome. En:, Henry,T. Joannides, P.(dir.) Raphaël. Les dernières annés, Hazan, 2012, pp. 335-365 [341,348,352-357].

Delieuvin, V., De Rome à la France, La Sainte Anne de Léonard de Vinci : l'ultime chef d'oeuvre., Officina Libraria, Louvre Éditions, Paris, 2012, pp. 308-310.

Finaldi, Gabriele, 'Zurbarán, il 'Caravaggio spagnolo' e la pittura italiana' En:, Zurbarán (1598-1664), Fondazione Ferrara Arte - Centre dex Beaux Arts de Bruxelles, Ferrara, 2013, pp. 48-59 [58].

Finaldi, G., 'Zurbarán 'le Caravagge espagnol' et la peinture italienne' En:, Francisco de Zurbarán (1598-1664), Bozar Books - Fonds Mercator, Bruselas, 2014, pp. 42-53 [51].

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 723.
723. Sacra Familia, llamada del Agnus Dei. La Virgen sentada, al pie de un arbol tiene el brazo izquierdo apoyado en un pedestal antiguo, detrás del cual está San Jose, tamibén apoyado con la mano derecha en la barba; con el brazo derecho sostiene Nuestra Señora al Niño, que está sentado en su rodilla volviendo a ella los ojos cariñosamente para que vea el Ecce Agnus Dei que le enseña San Juan. Fondo: pais con lontananza (b. b.) (Tabla) En Francia es conocido este cuadro por la Sacra Familia del lagarto a causa de uno de estos animales que enseña la cabeza entre los fragmentos de una columna. Alto 5 pies, 1 pul. 10 lin; ancho 3 pies, 11 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 371.

Exhibitions +

El último Rafael
París
08.10.2012 - 14.01.2013

Late Raphael
12.06.2012 - 16.09.2012

Location +

Room 049 (On Display)

Update date: 18-05-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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