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The Holy Family with an Oak Tree
Romano, GiulioRafael
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra
Romano, Giulio
Roma, 1499 - Mantua, 1546
Urbino, 1483 - Roma, 1520

The Holy Family with an Oak Tree

1518 - 1520. Oil on panel, 144 x 110 cm.

Leaning on a classical ruin, Saint Joseph looks at the Virgin Mary with the Christ Child in her lap. Jesus, in turn, is receiving a roll with the words Ecce Agnus Dei from Saint John. This Latin inscription meaning Lamb of God refers to the Passion of Christ, who sacrifices himself, just as lambs were sacrified by the Jews, in order to save humanity from sin. The oak tree standing behind the main group gives its name to the work and separates the figures from the background landscape and the ruins of the Caracalla Baths on the left. The composition of this work was drawn by Rafael, who probably also made a first sketch, but it would be retouched and finished by Giulio Romano. We can see its similarity to the composition of The Pearl (P00301), also by Raphael, in the importance given to the landscape and the artist´s interest in contrasting light. But the manner of grouping the figures is different: here they are arranged diagonally, rather than in pyramid form. In 1640, Niccolò Ludovissi gave this work to Philip IV (1605-1665) and it is listed as being in the Monastery of El Escorial in 1667.


Technical data

Inventory number
Romano, Giulio ; Rafael
The Holy Family with an Oak Tree
1518 - 1520
High/Height: 144 cm.; Width: 110 cm.; Base/bottom: 3 cm.
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Passavant, J. D., Le Peintre-Graveur. . . Catalogue Supplementaire Aux Estampes du XV et XVI Siecle, Leipzig Rudolph Weigel, 1860, pp. 249-250, n. 226.

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Rosemberg, Adolf, Raffael. Des Meisters Gemalde, Stuttgart-Berlin Deutche Verlags Anstalt, 1908, pp. 161.

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Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 723.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 371.

Exhibitions +

El último Rafael
08.10.2012 - 14.01.2013

El último Rafael / Raphaël, les dernières années. Late Raphael Raphaël, les dernières années
12.06.2012 - 16.09.2012

Late Raphael
12.06.2012 - 16.09.2012

Location +

Room 049 (On Display)

Update date: 12-02-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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