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The Storming of Rheinfelden
Carducho, Vicente
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Carducho, Vicente

Florencia, 1576 - Madrid, 1638

The Storming of Rheinfelden

1634. Oil on canvas, 297 x 357 cm.

Bernardo Monanni, Secretary of the Florentine Embassy in Madrid, called this painting The Relief of the Three Cities on the Rhine by the Duke of Feria. He was undoubtedly influenced by the inscription on the lower right corner, which mentions not only Rheinfelden, but also three other neighboring cities: Waldzut, Sechim (Säckingen) and Laufenburg. The duke appears in the foreground, standing on an outcropping under a group of boulders and issuing orders to his officers. He wears the same armor and hat as in The Relief of Constance (P636) and grasps his command staff in his left hand as he points to the battlefield with his right. Further down, at the edge of the slope, a page approaches with the general’s horse. The middle ground is occupied by a platoon of armored riders from the Duke’s squadron, and the cavalry commanded by Lieutenant General Gerarldo Gambacurta. Some riders gallop down a trail alongside the cliff to succor the troops fighting in the fertile valley in front of the stronghold. In the background, the assault on the city is rendered in profuse detail, with soldiers scaling the walls and some of the troops entering through the gates and a breech in the wall. The victory is announced by a Spanish soldier on one of the cylindrical towers, who waves the Burgundian flag, with its red X on a white field. As in The Victory of Fleurus (P635), Carducho occupies the middle ground in front of the walls with a precise depiction of the order of battle of the tercios, with pikemen forming compact groups of as many as thirty rows and musketeers at their flanks. The victory of Rheinfelden, which Philip IV celebrated with a religious ceremony at the church of the Monastery of San Jerónimo el Real in Madrid, left the Spanish in full control of the line of communication between Constance and Basil. The British Museum has a preparatory drawing for this canvas whose composition barely differs from the finished work, although the officer in the foreground receiving orders from the duke wears a helmet and the walls of Rheinfelden are barely sketched in. The drawing bears the name of the besieged city, Rheinfelden, in the painter’s hand, and those of the other two -Brisach and Basil- are barely visible in the background at the upper left. Volk has pointed out that the group of two pages and a horse that appear behind the duke are drawn from Saint John of Matha Bidding his Parents Farewell (P5089), which Carducho painted around 1623 for the convent of the Trinitarios Descalzos in Madrid (Text drawn from Álvarez Lopera, J. in: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2005, p. 138).

Technical data

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Inventory number
Carducho, Vicente
The Storming of Rheinfelden
High/Height: 297 cm.; Width: 357 cm.
Serie de Batallas, Salón de Reinos, Palacio del Buen Retiro
Royal Collection (Buen Retiro Palace, Madrid, 1701, no. 253; Buen Retiro Palace, 1794, no. 524; New Royal Palace, Madrid, "pinturas descolgadas en el callejón de las tribunas", 1814-1818, no. 524).

Bibliography +

Inventario. Real Palacio del Buen Retiro. Madrid. Pinturas, [s.n], Madrid, 1794, pp. nº15997(524).

Tormo y Monzó, Elías1869-1957, Velazquez y el Salon de Reinos del Palacio del Buen Retiro, Imprenta San Francisco de Sales, Madrid, 1912, pp. 47.

Mayer, August L., Historia de la Pintura Española, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1928, pp. 364 / lám. 302.

Justi, Carl, Velázquez y su siglo, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1953, pp. 349 / lám. 89.

Angulo Íñiguez, D.; Pérez Sánchez, A. E., Historia de la pintura española: escuela madrileña del primer tercio del siglo XVII, Instituto Diego Velázquez, Madrid, 1969, pp. nº467.

I Exposicion Historico-Militar, Graficas del Sur, Sevilla, 1971.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Ponz, A., Viage de España: en que se da noticia de las cosas mas apreciables, y dignas de saberse, que hay en ella, Vol. VI, Atlas, Madrid, 1972, pp. 115.

Inventarios reales: testamentaria del Rey Carlos II : 1701-1, II, Museo del PradoPatronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 297, nº253.

Brown, J., A Palace For a King. The Buen Retiro and the Court of Philip IV., Yale University Press, New Haven. Londres, 1980, pp. 169 / lám. 123.

Brown, Jonathan1939-, Un palacio para un rey: el Buen Retiro y la corte de Felipe, Alianza EditorialRevista Occidente, Madrid, 1981, pp. 177 / lám. 123.

Castillejo, D., El Corral de Comedias. Escenarios, Sociedad, Actores, Ayuntamiento, Madrid, 1983, pp. 251 / lám. 132.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 121.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York. Londres, 1986, pp. 227.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales. Carlos III. 1789-1790. Vol. I, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 1988, pp. 296, nº2887(524).

Brown, Jonathan1939-, La Edad de Oro de la pintura en España, Nerea, Madrid, 1990, pp. 146 / lám. 125.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº286.

Brown, Jonathan, Painting in Spain 1500-1700, Yale University Press, Yale, 1998, pp. 121 / lám. 156.

Portús, Javier, La colección de pintura española en el Museo del Prado, Edilupa, Madrid, 2003, pp. 98.

Goeppert, S., Pablo Picasso. The Illustrated Books: Catalogue Raisonne, Patrick Cramer, Madrid, 2005, pp. 138-139.

Luna, J. J., Guerra y pintura en las colecciones del Museo del Prado. S. XVI a Goya, Arte en tiempos de guerra Jornadas de Arte (14º.2008.Madrid), 2009.

Gayo, Mª Dolores; Jover de Celis, Maite, Evolución de las preparaciones en la pintura sobre lienzo de los siglos XVII y XVIII en España., Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXVIII, 2010, pp. 39-59.

Picouet, Pierre, Les Tercios Espagnols 1600-1660, LRT Éditions, 2010.

Marías, Fernando, Pinturas de historia, imágenes políticas. Repensando el Salón de Reinos. Discurso leído en la recepción de la Real Academia de la Historia 24 de junio 2012, 2012, pp. 17-20,68.

Boletín del Seminario de Estudios de Arte y Arqueología, Boletín del Seminario de Estudios de Arte y Arqueología BSAA, 2014, pp. 179-198 [197].

Herrero Garcia, Miguel., Estudios sobre indumentaria española en la época de los Austrias, Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica, 2014, pp. 78 f.18.

Pascual Chenel, Á. Rodríguez Rebollo, A., Vicente Carducho. Dibujos Catálogo razonado, Biblioteca Nacional de España - Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica, Madrid, 2015, pp. 262-263 f.74.

Taín Guzmán, Miguel, The Buen Retiro Palace and its italian and furniture works of art in the Diaries of the Journey to Spain of Prince Cosimo III of Médici, Studi di Storia dell'Arte, n.26, 2016, pp. 173-196 [191 f.22].

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [253].
[253] Ottra [pintura] del mismo tamaño [cuatro varas de largo y tres y media de alto] marco [dorado] y auttor [Uizençio Carduchi] que la anttezedentte de el Duque de feria de la expugnaçion de Reinfelt tasada en Zientto y Ueintte doblones ... 7200

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 524.
Otra [pintura] de Yd. [Vicencio Carduchi], con el mismo tamaño [quatro varas de largo, y tres y media de alto] y marco [dorado]: el Duque de Feria en la expugnacion de Reinfet...6000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. 524.
Pinturas descolgadas / En el callejon de las Tribunas [...] {21936} 524 / El Duque de Feria en la expugnación de Reinfelt

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 286.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 286.
Carducci. / 286. Espugnacion de la plaza de Reinfelt por las tropas españolas al mando del duque de Feria en 1633. (CL.). / Alto 10 pies, 8 pulg; ancho 12 pies, 9 pulg, 6 lin.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 678.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 637.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 637.

Exhibitions +

El palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro
06.07.2005 - 30.10.2005

Update date: 19-01-2018 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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