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Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Avilés, Asturias (Spain), 1614 - Madrid (Spain), 1685

Born into a noble family of the Principality of Asturias, Carreño de Miranda received his early training in Madrid at the workshop of Pedro de las Cuevas, where he may have coincided with Antonio de Pereda, Francisco Camilo and Antonio Arias. He went on to study with Bartolomé Román and, after his formative period, began to paint religious themes as an independent master around the 1650s. He was subsequently introduced by Velázquez to the court environment, where he was very active. He painted large frescoes for Madrid churches and for the Alcázar palace in Madrid, in collaboration with Francisco Rizi, continuing the style of the Italian artists Mitelli and Colonna. His activity at the palace brought him into contact with Venetian painting and with the works of Rubens and Van Dyck. The excellent portraits he went on to paint displayed much of the refinement and distinction of the latter and his works stood out for their rich colours and gentle appearance stemming from their sensuality and lightness of technique. He succeeded in conveying dynamism better than any other court painter had before him. From the iconographic point of view, he created a new type to represent the Immaculate Conception, which enjoyed great success and was imitated and copied. He made portraits of Charles II and his mother, Mariana of Austria, and, like Velázquez, he also painted the likenesses of very disparate figures from the courtly world: members of the high nobility and privileged social classes, illustrious visitors, ambassadors and jesters. In 1669, after a previous attempt, he was appointed painter to the king and subsequently received a number of palace posts, such as that of "ayuda de la furriera", which had been held by Velazquez. In 1671 he was appointed court painter. A good-natured man, he died in Madrid leaving a large oeuvre of fine quality that captures numerous aspects of the final years of the House of Austria (Habsburg) in Spain, chiefly from the reign of Charles II (1665-1700) (Luna, J. J.: From Titian to Goya. Great Masters of the Museo del Prado, National Art Museum of China-Shanghai Museum, 2007, p. 385).

Artworks (32)

Judith and Holofernes
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Carreño de Miranda, Juan (Copy after Reni, Guido)
Herod’s Feast (sketch)
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Saint Francis Preaching to the Birds
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1646
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Saint Anthony Preaching to the Fish
Oil on canvas, 1646
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Saint Sebastian
Oil on canvas, 1656
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Christ Crucified
Oil on canvas, 1660 - 1670
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Queen Mariana of Austria
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1670
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Marianne of Austria, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas, Last third of the XVII century
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Charles II
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1675
Carreño de Miranda, Juan


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