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Reni, Guido

Calvezzano, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, 04/11/1575 - Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, 18/08/1642

The triumph of Annibale's oeuvre in Rome paved the way for the disciples of the Carracci family to work at the court of the popes, especially when a cardinal of Bologna acceded to the papal throne as Gregory XV. One of these followers was Reni, who is considered the best known and most prolific artist of the Bolognese school and also the most important. He is without a doubt the best artist who embraced classical idealism and his later works attained a lyrical depth that can be described as neo-Hellenic. Reni trained with the Carracci in Bologna and arrived in Rome in 1601, becoming independent from Annibale and even experiencing a brief Caravaggist period. His work is based on the assimilation of the beauty, harmony, serenity and equilibrium of the style of Raphael and its expression through extraordinarily delicate, refined forms showing a rhythmic elegance tinged with a touch of Venetian principles as to execution, technique and the display of slightly sensuous vitality, all related to his own sensitive and sickly nature. He produced much work in the Eternal City, Rome, and travelled to Naples twice. His fame spread across Europe, making him one of the most studied artist of neoclassicism from the last third of the 18th century onwards. His final works display an astonishing modernity, both in the handling of paint and simplified colour schemes, so much so that they recall aspects of the 19th-century Impressionist on account of their interpretative freedom and lack of finish. This led his contemporaries to consider them unfinished as they failed to understand the boldness of the language used. The Museo del Prado owns an excellent and varied collection of his works, notable among which are various celebrated paintings ranging from mythological and allegorical themes to religious pictures, and from his period of youth to that of full maturity (Luna, J. J.: From Titian to Goya. Great Masters of the Museo del Prado, National Art Museum of China-Shanghai Museum, 2007, pp. 392-393).

Artworks (27)

The Martyrdom of Saint Apollonia
Oil on copperplate, 1600 - 1603
Reni, Guido
Saint Apollonia in Prayer
Oil on copperplate, 1600 - 1603
Reni, Guido
Cabeza de santo (¿San Pedro?)
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Reni, Guido (Attributed to)
The Magdalen
Oil on canvas, First half of the XVII century
Reni, Guido
Santa Catalina
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1606
Reni, Guido
Lucrecia dándose muerte
Oil on canvas, First half of the XVII century
Reni, Guido (Workshop of)
Lucrecia dándose muerte
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Reni, Guido (Copy)
Charity
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Reni, Guido (Copy after)
El Arcángel San Miguel
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Reni, Guido (Copy)

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