The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Diego del Corral y Arellano
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Sevilla (Spain), 1599 - Madrid (Spain), 1660

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y See author's file

Diego del Corral y Arellano

Ca. 1632. Oil on canvas.
Room 011

Of the people with whom Velázquez must have had contact on a daily basis at the palace, many would have been high functionaries or skilled servants of the court. His own social aspirations included becoming a member of that professional group, which he eventually joined, and he made portraits of some of them, including two now at the Museo del Prado: Diego del Corral, shown here, and his wife, Antonia Ipeñarrieta (P01196). Del Corral was born in Silos in 1570 and died in Madrid in May 1632 after holding important posts in the field of jurisprudence: he was a judge at the Council of Castile and a senior professor in Salamanca and he took part in some polemical trials, including the one that sent don Ramón Calderón to the gallows. In 1627 he married Antonia de Ipeñarrieta. Even if we did not know the identity of these two, the information that Velázquez includes in their portraits would be sufficient to indicate their social standing with some precision. For example, the Cross of Saint James that don Diego wears on his chest reveals his noble origins, and both the buffet and his toga, as well as the papers he is holding, indicate that he works in the area of justice. Nothing is gratuitous in this sort of portraiture, as every element bears information, not so much about the sitter´s individual personality, as about their rank. As a member of a society as hierarchical as the Spanish one, with a very codified system of privileges, it was natural that clear references to those privileges would be included as absolute symbols of the sitter´s position in the social order. Thus, the high-crowned hat on the table alludes to the possibility that its owner has to cover his head. This is a portrait of considerable quality and it reveals the artist´s skill at extracting a maximum of possibilities from a very limited set of chromatic and compositional resources. The figure is simple and very well placed in an indeterminate space, thanks to his body´s conical structure. It is accompanied by essential rhetorical elements whose capacity to communicate efficiently is based on the contrast between the sober setting and the points of light and expression established by the faces and hands. These two paintings pose various technical, iconographic and chronological doubts. The existence of a receipt dating from 1624 in which Antonia commissioned Velázquez to make portraits of the King, the Count-Duke of Olivares and her first husband, and the fact that the latter was also a legal advisor and knight of Saint James has led some to think that the artist modified his portrait from that year to adapt it to the appearance of Antonia´s second husband. Stylistic analyses, however, seem to indicate that this was not the case, as they reveal a technique close that that of the early 1630s. In any case, it must be earlier than May 20, 1632, when del Corral died, as this work is not credible as a posthumous portrait.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Velázquez: guía, Madrid, Museo del Prado Aldeasa, 1999, p.104


Technical data

Inventory number
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Diego del Corral y Arellano
Ca. 1632
Height: 215 cm; Width: 110 cm
Legacy of Mª. del Carmen Aragón de Azlor, XV Duchess of Villahermosa, 1905.

Bibliography +

Beruete, Aureliano de, Velázquez, Librairie Renouard, Henri Laurents, ed., París, 1898, pp. 63.

Justi, Carl, Diego Velazquez Und Sein Jahrhundert. Vol. I, Verlag Friedrich Cohen, Bonn, 1922, pp. 230.

Comba, Juan, La indumentaria del reinado de Felipe IV en los cuadros de Velázquez del Museo del Prado, Arte Español / Revista Española de Arte, 6, 1922/1923, pp. 95-103.

Lozano, Eduardo, Observaciones sobre algunos cuadros de Velázquez del Museo del Prado, Arte Español / Revista Española de Arte, 8, 1926/1927, pp. 203-208.

Noul, M., Sotomayor, F., Muguruza, P., Les chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée du Prado, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Ginebra, 1939, pp. nº 85.

Castillo de Lucas, Antonio, Algunos temas médicos en el Museo del Prado, Arte Español / Revista Española de Arte, 19, 1952/1953, pp. 26-36.

Encina, Juan de la, Sombra y enigma de Velázquez, Espasa-Calpe Argentina, Buenos Aires, 1952, pp. 16.

Justi, Carl, Velázquez y su siglo, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1953, pp. 219.

Ortega y Gasset, José, Velázquez, Madrid, 1954, pp. lám.29.

Pantorba, Bernardino de, La vida y la obra de Velázquez: estudio biográfico y crítico, Compañía Bibliográfica Española, Madrid, 1955, pp. 107.

Gallego, Julián, Velázquez, pintor de retratos, Goya: Revista de Arte, 37/38, 1960, pp. 37.

López Rey, José, Velázquez: a catalogue raisonné of his oeuvre, Faber and Faber, Londres, 1963, pp. 291-292 L73.

Camón Aznar, José, Velázquez, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1964, pp. 449.

Asturias, Miguel Angel, La obra pictórica completa de Velázquez, Noguer, Barcelona. Madrid, 1970, pp. nº 47.

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Gudiol, José, Velázquez: 1599-1660, historia de su vida, catálogo de su obra, Ediciones Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1973, pp. nº 68.

Corral, José del, Un juez integro y jurista de gran talla. Don Diego del Corral y Arellano, Villa de Madrid, 14, 1976, pp. 51-54.

Iribas de Miguel, Jesús, Dos horas con Velázquez en el Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1978, pp. 58.

Menéndez Pidal, Ramón, Historia de España, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1979, pp. 444.

López Rey, José, Velázquez. The Artist As a Maker, Bibliotheque des Arts, Lausanne-Paris, 1979, pp. 324/ lám.133.

Sérullaz, Maurice, Velázquez, Harry N. Abrams, Nueva York, 1981, pp. 16/ lám.11.

López Rey, José, Velázquez, Compañía Internacional Editora, Barcelona, 1984, pp. 72.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 738-739.

Brown, Jonathan, Velázquez: pintor y cortesano, Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1986, pp. 139/ lám.162.

Beruete, Aureliano de, Velázquez, Cepsa, Madrid, 1987, pp. 46/ lám.29.

Sérullaz, Maurice, Velázquez, Harry N. Abrams. Inc, Nueva York, 1987, pp. 14/ lám.11.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E., Velázquez, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, 1989, pp. 124-127.

Velázquez, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1990, pp. 190-193.

Mckim-Smith, Gridley, Ciencia e historia del arte: Velazquez en el Prado, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1993, pp. 62/ lám.37.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (III). Nuevas Adquisiciones. Museo Iconográfico. Tapices., Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996.

López Rey, José, Velázquez. Le Peintre des Peintres, Benedikt Taschen, Köln, 1996, pp. 136.

López-Rey, José, Velázquez, el pintor de los pintores. La obra completa, Taschen Wildenstein Institute, Colonia, 1998, pp. 260.

Alcolea Gil, Santiago, Velázquez. La esencia del tiempo, Círculo de Lectores, Barcelona, 1999, pp. 49.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Velázquez: guía, Museo del Prado Aldeasa, Madrid, 1999, pp. 104.

Calderón de la Barca y la España del Barroco, Sociedad Estatal España Nuevo Milenio, Madrid, 2000, pp. 81.

Bandres Oto, Maribel, La moda en la pintura: Velázquez. Usos y costumbres del Siglo XVII, Eunsa, Pamplona, 2002, pp. 153.

Pintura española de El Greco a Picasso : el tiempo, la verda..., Sociedad Estatal para la Acción C, 2006, pp. 396-397.

Checa Cremades, Fernando, Velázquez: obra completa, Electa, Barcelona, 2008, pp. 116.

Moser, Wolf, Diego de Silva Velázquez. Das werk und der maler, I, Saint-Georges, Lyon, 2011, pp. 289.

Cruz Valdovinos, José Manuel, Velázquez: vida y obra de un pintor cortesano, Caja Inmaculada, 2011, pp. 149,151.

Portús Pérez, Javier, Velázquez 'Don Diego del Corral y Arellano'. En: Guía de la colección. Velázquez, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2012, pp. 25.

Portús Pérez, Javier, Velázquez in Gray: Decorum and Representation, En: Diego Velázquez. The early court portraits, Meadows Museum-SMU-MNP, Dallas, 2012, pp. 17-35 [30, il. 9].

Garrido, C., Velázquez y el inquisidor, ARS Magazine. Revista de Arte y Coleccionismo, 17, 2013, pp. 56-69 [63].

López-Rey, José The Wildenstein Institute, 'Diego Velázquez.Don Diego del Corral y Arellano' En: Velázquez. The complete works, Taschen, Colonia, 2014, pp. 354-355 n.53.

Kientz, G.K, 'D. Rodríguez de Silva Velázquez. Allegorie féminine. Meadows Museum' En:, Velázquez, Réunion des musées nationaux-Grand Palais: Louvre..., Paris, 2015, pp. 242 f. 56.

Kientz, Guillaume, Velázquez. L'Affrontement de la peinture, Cohen & Cohen, París, 2015, pp. 231 cat.68.

López-Rey, José, Velázquez: la obra completa, Taschen, 2020, pp. 355-356 nº 53.

Cruz Valdovinos, José Manuel, Retratos cortesanos en Madrid, Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado; Planeta, Madrid, 2021, pp. 141-164 [149-150].

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1326.
Autor D. Diego Velázquez de Silva / 1326. Asunto = Retrato de don Diego de Corral y Arellano. / Está de pie, / vistiendo toga negra, apoyado con la mano derecha, en la que tiene papeles, sobre una mesilla guarnecida de tapete rojo: en la otra mano tienen también papeles. Fondo: liso y obscuro.- figura de cuerpo entero y tamaño natural. / Dimensiones = alto 2,15 ancho 1,10 / Legado por la Excma Sra. duquesa de Villahermosa, aceptado por R.O., de 23 de noviembre de 1905''.

Exhibitions +

06.06.2020 - 25.07.2021

Rembrandt-Velázquez [España-Holanda]
11.10.2019 - 19.01.2020

Velázquez, Rembrandt, Vermeer. Parallel visions
25.06.2019 - 29.09.2019

Museo del Prado 1819-2019. A place of memory
19.11.2018 - 10.03.2019

From El Greco to Picasso: Time, Truth and History
Nueva York NY
15.11.2006 - 31.03.2007

23.01.1990 - 31.03.1990

Nueva York NY
28.09.1989 - 07.01.1990

Location +

Room 011 (On Display)


Displayed objects +

Insignia / Decoration: Cruz de Santiago

Update date: 09-04-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.