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Roman Sculptor
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Roman Sculptor

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120 - 130. Marble.
Room 072

This personification of dreams ("Hypnos)" is the brother of Death and son of Night and Erebus (the darkness of hell). Hypnos traveled around the world on wings, making the living drowsy. His attributes, opium poppies in his left hand and a small horn in his outstretched right hand, are lost on this statue. Hypnos, or Sleep, strides towards a figure lying at his feet, who was not shown, to wet his lips with the soothing elixir of the horn. The tree trunk with its two lizards is a Roman addition to strengthen the marble statue. This sculpture is the best-known representation of him and is a roman copy of a Hellenistic original that some writers attribute to the school of Praxiteles (early third century B.C.) and others consider early neo-Attic (mid second century B.C.).


Technical data

Inventory number
Roman Sculptor
120 - 130
Height: 150 cm; Width: 55 cm; Base/bottom: 95 cm
Collection of Gabriele De' Rossi, Casa della Statua, Roma, 1513 (?); </br>Donated to the Royal House, 1557; Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Wieseler, Friedrich, Denkmäler der alten Kunst, II, Berlín, 1854, pp. lám.70.

Jahn, Otto, Hypnos, Archäologische Zeitung, Berlín, 1861, pp. 97-98/ lám.141.

Hubner, Emil, Die Antiken Bildwerke in Madrid, Druck Und Verlag Von Georg Reimer, Berlín, 1862, pp. 55-57.

Winnefeld, Hermann, Hypnos, W.Spemann, Brelín - Stuttgart, 1886.

Furtwängler, Adolf, Meisterwerke der griechischen plastik, Geisecke and Devrient, Leipzig, 1893, pp. 648-650.

Barrón, Eduardo, Catálogo de la escultura. Museo Nacional de Pintura y Escultura., Imprenta y fototipia J. Lacoste, Madrid, 1908, pp. 80-81, lám. LIV, n.89.

Riaño, Juan Francisco; Mélida, Juan Ramón, Catálogo del Museo de Reproducciones Artísticas, I, Madrid, 1912, pp. 285-287.

Schrader, Hans, 'Hypnos' en Berliner Wincklemannprogramm, W. de Gruyter, Berlín, 1926, pp. 12,13,15/ láms. 3,5,10.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la Escultura, por A. Blanco, Madrid, 1957, pp. 68-69/ láms. 43-45.

Guerrini, Lucia, 'Hypnos' en Enciclopedia dell'arte antica, IV, Instituto della Enciclopedia italia, Roma, 1961, pp. 62-63/ lám.80.

Blanco Freijeiro, A., Arte Griego, CSIC, Madrid, 1966, pp. 269/ lám.166.

Zanker, Paul, Klassizistische statuen, Philipp von Zabern, Mainz, 1974, pp. 115-116.

Boucher, Stephanie, Recherches sur les bronzes figurés de Gaules pré romaine et romaine, École Française de Rome, Roma, 1976, pp. 154-155,388.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la Escultura, Patronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1981.

Lochin, Catherine, Lexicon iconographicum mythologiae classicae (LIMC), V, Artemis, Zürich, 1990, pp. 597/ lám.408.

Vaquerizo Gil, Desiderio; Noguera Celdrán, José, La villa romana del ruedo, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, 1997, pp. 150.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Escultura clásica: guía, Fundación Marcelino Botín; Museo del Prado, Santander, 1999, pp. 106.

Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2004, pp. 231-236.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Enciclopedia del Museo del Prado, IV, T.F. Editores: Fundación Amigos, Madrid, 2006, pp. 1286,1287.

Schröder, Stephan F. (ed), Entre dioses y hombres: esculturas clásicas del Albertinum Albertinum de Dresde y el Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 286-289,401,402.

Museo Nacional del Prado, La Guía del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 445.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El Museo del Prado: la colección de escultura, artes decorativas y dibujos, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2009.

Becatti, Gabriella, Ipotesi per una contestualizzazione dell'Hypnos del Prado, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXXIV (52), 2016, pp. 6-9 f.1.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, Sección Escultura, 1857. Núm. 530.
530. Una estatua de marmol Griego que representa a Mercurio. / alto 5 pies, 4 pulg.

Inscriptions +

Inscribed in black. Plinth

Exhibitions +

Among Gods and Men
04.11.2008 - 12.04.2009

Location +

Room 072 (On Display)

Update date: 10-05-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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