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Saint Andrew and Saint Francis
El Greco
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El Greco

Candía, Creta, 1541 - Toledo, 1614

Saint Andrew and Saint Francis

Ca. 1595. Oil on canvas, 167 x 113 cm.

Under a sky filled with leaden-gray storm clouds, Saint Andrew and Saint Francis of Assisi stand next to each other in conversation. The apostle appears on the viewer’s left, wearing a cobalt blue tunic and green robes whose purple silk lining has grey reflections. He faces the viewer and leans on his characteristic x-shaped cross, turning his head to his left, where Saint Francis stands. The latter is presented in three-quarters, with his head in profile, facing Saint Andrew. He wears the traditional gray habit with a long cincture tied at the waist and a monk’s hood covering his head. The two saints’ dialog is conveyed by their hands. Saint Andrew holds his right hand in front of him, while Saint Francis holds his over his chest, with the forefinger and ring finger together. At the same time, he extends his left hand. The figures stand in the foreground, on an irregular, rocky surface marked by their powerful and unrealistic shadows. A landscape is suggested in the background, over a low horizon that emphasizes the two figures’ monumentality. A sketchy depiction of part of Toledo appears on the left, behind the apostle. Specifically, it is a nocturnal view of the Alcázar, reached via a sinuous path scattered with trees. On the right, the perspective behind Saint Francis is closed by a luminous, snow-covered mountain. At his feet, the artist’s signature appears on a cartellino with four creases supposedly affixed to a boulder by a wax seal. Greco used this sort of cartouche in other depictions of Saint Francis, as well, including Saint Francis and Brother Leon (P819). The present work came to light during the Spanish Civil War, appearing in the monastery of La Encarnación in Madrid, where it was presented as a work donated by the Duke and Duchess of Abrantes in honor of their daughter, Sister Agustina del Niño Jesús, who took her vows in 1676 (Text drawn from Ruiz, L.: El Greco en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo Razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2007, p. 110; El Greco. Guía de sala, Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, 2011, p. 38).

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Technical data

Inventory number
P02819
Author
El Greco
Title
Saint Andrew and Saint Francis
Date
Ca. 1595
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 167 cm.; Width: 113 cm.
Provenance
Bequest of the Dukes of Abrantes to the Real Monasterio de La Encarnación, Madrid, 1676; deposited in the Prado Museum by the Junta Delegada de Incautación, Protección y Conservación del Tesoro Artístico Nacional, 1936; acquired by the State for the Prado Museum in 1942.

Bibliography +

Noul, M., Sotomayor, F., Muguruza, P., Les chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée du Prado, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Ginebra, 1939, pp. n.56.

Goldscheider, Ludwig, El Greco, Phaidon, Paris, 1949, pp. fg.165.

Camón Aznar, José1898-1979, Dominico Greco, I y II, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1950, pp. 591-599 n.423.

Soehner, Halldor, Greco in Spainien. Teil I. Grecos Stilentwicklung in Spanien, Münchner jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, VIII, 1957, pp. 123-194 [167].

Soehner, Halldor, Greco in Spainien. Teil II. Atelier und Nachfolge Greco's; Teil III katalog der Gëmalde Grecos, seines ateliers und seiner Nachfolge in Spanischem besitz, Münchner jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, IX-X, 1958-1959, pp. 147-242 [192 n.64].

Tüngel, Richard, 400 Jahre Kunst, Kultur, und Geschichte im Prado, Schweizer Verlagshaus, Zurich, 1964, pp. 114/ lám.49.

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967.

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, II, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967, pp. 124 n.197.

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, I, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967, pp. 62.

Salas, Xavier de, La obra pictórica completa de el Greco, Noguer, Barcelona Madrid, 1970, pp. n.84.

Salas, Xavier de, La obra pictórica completa de el Greco, Noguer, Barcelona.Madrid, 1970.

Gudiol, José1904-1985, El Greco 1541-1614: Doménikos Theotokópoulos, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1971.

Gudiol, José1904-1985, El Greco 1541-1614: Doménikos Theotokópoulos, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1971, pp. 153-154 n.100.

Guinard, Paul, Tout L'Oeuvre Peint de Greco, Flammarion, Paris, 1971.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Pietro, L.Di, El Greco, Editorial Marin, Barcelona, 1979, pp. 30.

Cossío, Manuel B.1857-1935, El Greco, EspasaCalpeS.A., Madrid, 1981.

Pita Andrade, José Manuel, El Greco, Arnoldo Mondadori, Milán, 1981, pp. 86,90 n.147.

Jordan, William B., El Greco de Toledo, Dirección General de Bellas Artes, Archivos y Bibl, Madrid, 1982, pp. n.24.

El Toledo de Domyco Theotocopuly: El Greco, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1982, pp. lám.24.

Pita Andrade, José Manuel1922-2009, El Greco, CarroggioS.A., Milan, 1985, pp. 86.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 318-319.

Castillo-Ojugas, Antonio, La Reumatologia en el Arte, Emisa, Madrid, 1987, pp. 48/ lám.71.

Anatra, Bruno, Venezia e la Spagna, Electa, Milan, 1988, pp. 101/ lám.105.

Alcolea Gil, Santiago, El Greco, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1990, pp. lám.47.

Marías, Fernando1949-, El Greco, Anaya, Madrid, 1991, pp. 52/ lám.30.

Álvarez Lopera, José, El Greco: la obra esencial, Silex, Madrid, 1993, pp. 168 n.132.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996.

Marías, Fernando, El Greco . Guía, Alianza Editorial - Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1998, pp. 38.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El Greco y la pintura española del Renacimiento: guía, Museo del PradoAldeasa, Madrid, 2001, pp. 96.

Martínez-Burgos García, Palma, El Greco: el pintor humanista, obra completa, Libsa, Madrid, 2005, pp. 325.

Ruiz Gomez, Leticia, El Greco en el Museo Nacional del Prado : catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2007, pp. 110-114, nº14.

Ruiz de Loizaga, M., 'El controvertido legado bizantino en la obra pictórica del Greco', Cuadernos de arte e iconografía, 2 semestre n.48, 2015, pp. 355-434 [400 f.36].

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1728.
1728 / Autor, Greco / 1728. Asunto, san Andrés y san Francisco de Asís. / Lienzo, 167 x 113 cm. / nº catálogo 2819 / Adquirido en enero de 1942, con fondos de la exposición de Ginebra

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 2819.

Exhibitions +

View and Plan of Toledo
Madrid
02.06.2009 - 27.02.2011

El Greco in the Prado
Madrid
04.12.2007 - 17.02.2008

Location +

Room 009B (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 23-09-2017 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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