The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Saints Andrew and Francis
El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)

Candia, Crete (Greece), 1541 - Toledo (Spain), 1614

El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) See author's file

Saints Andrew and Francis

Ca. 1595. Oil on unlined canvas.
Room 008B

Under a sky filled with leaden-gray storm clouds, Saint Andrew and Saint Francis of Assisi stand next to each other in conversation. The apostle appears on the viewer’s left, wearing a cobalt blue tunic and green robes whose purple silk lining has grey reflections. He faces the viewer and leans on his characteristic x-shaped cross, turning his head to his left, where Saint Francis stands. The latter is presented in three-quarters, with his head in profile, facing Saint Andrew. He wears the traditional gray habit with a long cincture tied at the waist and a monk’s hood covering his head. The two saints’ dialog is conveyed by their hands. Saint Andrew holds his right hand in front of him, while Saint Francis holds his over his chest, with the forefinger and ring finger together. At the same time, he extends his left hand. The figures stand in the foreground, on an irregular, rocky surface marked by their powerful and unrealistic shadows. A landscape is suggested in the background, over a low horizon that emphasizes the two figures’ monumentality. A sketchy depiction of part of Toledo appears on the left, behind the apostle. Specifically, it is a nocturnal view of the Alcázar, reached via a sinuous path scattered with trees. On the right, the perspective behind Saint Francis is closed by a luminous, snow-covered mountain. At his feet, the artist’s signature appears on a cartellino with four creases supposedly affixed to a boulder by a wax seal. Greco used this sort of cartouche in other depictions of Saint Francis, as well, including Saint Francis and Brother Leon (P819). The present work came to light during the Spanish Civil War, appearing in the monastery of La Encarnación in Madrid, where it was presented as a work donated by the Duke and Duchess of Abrantes in honor of their daughter, Sister Agustina del Niño Jesús, who took her vows in 1676 (Text drawn from Ruiz, L.: El Greco en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo Razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2007, p. 110; El Greco. Guía de sala, Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, 2011, p. 38).


Technical data

Inventory number
El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
Saints Andrew and Francis
Ca. 1595
Unlined canvas
Height: 167 cm; Width: 113 cm
Bequest of the Dukes of Abrantes to the Real Monasterio de La Encarnación, Madrid, 1676; deposited in the Prado Museum by the Junta de Incautación y Protección del Tesoro Artístico, 1936; acquired by the State for the Prado Museum in 1942.

Bibliography +

Noul, M., Sotomayor, F., Muguruza, P., Les chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée du Prado, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Ginebra, 1939, pp. n.56.

Goldscheider, Ludwig, El Greco, Phaidon, Paris, 1949, pp. fg.165.

Camón Aznar, José1898-1979, Dominico Greco, I y II, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1950, pp. 591-599 n.423.

Soehner, Halldor, Greco in Spainien. Teil I. Grecos Stilentwicklung in Spanien, Münchner jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, VIII, 1957, pp. 123-194 [167].

Soehner, Halldor, Greco in Spainien. Teil II. Atelier und Nachfolge Greco's; Teil III katalog der Gëmalde Grecos, seines ateliers und seiner Nachfolge in Spanischem besitz, Münchner jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, IX-X, 1958-1959, pp. 147-242 [192 n.64].

Tüngel, Richard, 400 Jahre Kunst, Kultur, und Geschichte im Prado, Schweizer Verlagshaus, Zurich, 1964, pp. 114/ lám.49.

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967.

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, II, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967, pp. 124 n.197.

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, I, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967, pp. 62.

Salas, Xavier de, La obra pictórica completa de el Greco, Noguer, Barcelona Madrid, 1970, pp. n.84.

Salas, Xavier de, La obra pictórica completa de el Greco, Noguer, Barcelona.Madrid, 1970.

Gudiol, José, El Greco 1541-1614: Doménikos Theotokópoulos, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1971.

Gudiol, José, El Greco 1541-1614: Doménikos Theotokópoulos, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1971, pp. 153-154 n.100.

Guinard, Paul, Tout L'Oeuvre Peint de Greco, Flammarion, Paris, 1971.

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Pietro, L.Di, El Greco, Editorial Marin, Barcelona, 1979, pp. 30.

Cossío, Manuel B.1857-1935, El Greco, EspasaCalpeS.A., Madrid, 1981.

Pita Andrade, José Manuel, El Greco, Arnoldo Mondadori, Milán, 1981, pp. 86,90 n.147.

Jordan, William B., El Greco de Toledo, Dirección General de Bellas Artes, Archivos y Bibl, Madrid, 1982, pp. n.24.

El Toledo de Domyco Theotocopuly: El Greco, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1982, pp. lám.24.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 318-319.

Pita Andrade, José Manuel, El Greco, CarroggioS.A., Milan, 1985, pp. 86.

Castillo-Ojugas, Antonio, La Reumatologia en el Arte, Emisa, Madrid, 1987, pp. 48/ lám.71.

Anatra, Bruno, Venezia e la Spagna, Electa, Milan, 1988, pp. 101/ lám.105.

Alcolea Gil, Santiago, El Greco, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1990, pp. lám.47.

Marías, Fernando, El Greco, Anaya, Madrid, 1991, pp. 52/ lám.30.

Álvarez Lopera, José, El Greco: la obra esencial, Silex, Madrid, 1993, pp. 168 n.132.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (III). Nuevas Adquisiciones. Museo Iconográfico. Tapices., Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996.

Marías, Fernando, El Greco . Guía, Alianza Editorial - Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1998, pp. 38.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El Greco y la pintura española del Renacimiento: guía, Museo del Prado, Aldeasa, Madrid, 2001, pp. 96.

Martínez-Burgos García, Palma, El Greco: el pintor humanista, obra completa, Libsa, Madrid, 2005, pp. 325.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, El Greco en el Museo Nacional del Prado: catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2007, pp. 110-114, nº14.

Ruiz de Loizaga, M., 'El controvertido legado bizantino en la obra pictórica del Greco', Cuadernos de arte e iconografía, 2 semestre n.48, 2015, pp. 355-434 [400 f.36].

Garrido Pérez, Carmen, El Greco pintor: estudio técnico, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 199-207 f.18 n.18.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 2819.

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1728.
1728 / Autor, Greco / 1728. Asunto, san Andrés y san Francisco de Asís. / Lienzo, 167 x 113 cm. / nº catálogo 2819 / Adquirido en enero de 1942, con fondos de la exposición de Ginebra

Inscriptions +

domenikos theotokopolis / epoiei [caracteres griegos]
Signed. Front

Exhibitions +

06.06.2020 - 25.07.2021

Museo del Prado 1819-2019. A place of memory
19.11.2018 - 10.03.2019

View and Plan of Toledo
02.06.2009 - 27.02.2011

El Greco in the Prado
04.12.2007 - 17.02.2008

Location +

Room 008B (On Display)

Update date: 24-01-2023 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.