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Sophocles
Roman Sculptor
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Roman Sculptor

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Sophocles

Ca. 150. White marble.
Galería Jónica Planta Principal Norte

Sophocles (497/6-406/5 b.c.e.) was already famous during his lifetime as his tragedies triumphed at the Dionysian Feasts in Athens more frequently than any others. He is represented with a thin cord around his head, which indicates that, as a priest of the local gods of health, Amynus and Halon, in the year 420/19, he took care of health god Asclepius of Epidaurus, probably at the sanctuary of Amynus, until that new god obtained his own sanctuary in Athens. That is why, after his death, Sophocles was worshipped in Athens as Heros Dexion, that is, he who cares for (the god). It has recently been hypothesized that this portrait of Sophocles is the statue that, according to ancient literature, was erected by his son, Iophon, shortly after his death.

The Prado head is one of the Roman versions of his portrait, identifiable from the inscription that survives on an example in the Vatican Museums (inv. MV326.0.0). Is a fine work and a faithful likeness, but it has lost its original surface.

Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 1993, p.49-51

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Technical data

Related artworks

Silenus and Sophocles
Pencil on paper, Mid-XVIIIcentury
Ajello, Eutichio
Inventory number
E000102
Author
Roman Sculptor
Title
Sophocles
Date
Ca. 150
Technique
Sculpted
Medium
White marble
Dimension
Height: 57.5 cm; Width: 34.5 cm; Base/bottom: 28 cm; Weight: 73.35 Kg
Provenance
Collection of Camillo Massimo (Massimi), Rome, 1678; Collection of VII Marquis del Carpio, Rome, 1686; Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Hübner, Emil, Die Antiken Bildwerke in Madrid, Druck Und Verlag Von Georg Reimer, Berlín, 1862, pp. 111.

Barrón, Eduardo, Catálogo de la escultura. Museo Nacional de Pintura y Escultura., Imprenta y fototipia J. Lacoste, Madrid, 1908, pp. 89, n.102.

Ricard, Robert, Marbres Antiques du Musee du Prado a Madrid, Feret & Fils, Burdeos, 1923, pp. 85.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la escultura, Madrid, 1957, pp. 75.

Blanco, Antonio; Lorente, Manuel, Catálogo de la escultura. Museo del Prado, Patronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1981, pp. nº102.

Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1993, pp. 49-51.

Elvira Barba, Miguel Ángel, El Cuaderno de Ajello y las esculturas del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1998, pp. nº49.

Bajo el signo de Fortuna: esculturas clásicas del Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1999, pp. 86.

Las criaturas de Prometeo: esculturas clásicas del Museo del Prado, Fundación Marcelino Botín, Madrid, 2000, pp. 82.

Mitologia i creació :el poeta i els seus déus a l' Antiguita..., Fundació '' La Caixa'', Barcelona, 2005.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, Sección Escultura, 1857. Núm. 452.
452. Una cabeza de marmol de Carrara que representa un filosofo antiguo. / Alto 2 pies, 1 pulg.

Inscriptions +

X
Incised. On the right side

102.
Inscribed in black. On the front

462. (muy borrado)
Inscribed in red color. On the right side

Exhibitions +

El poeta y sus dioses. La mitología de la inspiración creadora
Lérida
09.05.2006 - 23.07.2006

El poeta y sus dioses. La mitología de la inspiración creadora
Gerona
14.02.2006 - 17.04.2006

Las criaturas de Prometeo. Bajo el signo de la Fortuna. Esculturas antiguas del Museo del Prado
Santander
17.03.2000 - 23.04.2000

Bajo el signo de la fortuna. Esculturas antiguas del Museo del Prado
Salamanca
26.04.1999 - 23.05.1999

El cuaderno de Ajello y las esculturas del Museo del Prado
Madrid
19.10.1998 - 03.01.1999

Location +

Galería Jónica Planta Principal Norte (On Display)

Update date: 19-05-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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