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Roman Sculptor
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Roman Sculptor

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First half of the I century. White marble.
Not on display

Roman copy of a herm dating from between 425 and 420 B. C. It was the tyrant Hipparchus of Athens who ordered the construction, circa 520 B. C. of the first hermae of this type, milestones topped with the head of Hermes as the divine protector of roads and as a symbol of fertility. Even in the Classical period, the effigies of hermae usually preserve the beards and heads of hair proper to the Archaic period. The bust and Greek inscription are modern.


Technical data

Inventory number
Roman Sculptor
First half of the I century
White marble
Height: 52 cm; Width: 29.5 cm; Base/bottom: 23 cm; Weight: 58.4 Kg
Colección José Nicolás de Azara
José Nicolás de Azara Collection; Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Hübner, Emil, Die Antiken Bildwerke in Madrid, Druck Und Verlag Von Georg Reimer, Berlín, 1862, pp. 108.

Barrón, Eduardo, Catálogo de la escultura. Museo Nacional de Pintura y Escultura., Imprenta y fototipia J. Lacoste, Madrid, 1908, pp. 61, n.55.

Ricard, Robert, Marbres Antiques du Musee du Prado a Madrid, Feret & Fils, Burdeos, 1923, pp. 76.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las esculturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1949, pp. 81.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la escultura, Madrid, 1957, pp. 50.

Blanco, Antonio; Lorente, Manuel, Catálogo de la escultura. Museo del Prado, Patronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1981, pp. nº55.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Escultura clásica: guía, Fundación Marcelino Botín; Museo del Prado, Santander, 1999, pp. 73.

Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, II, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2004, pp. 54-56.

Elvira Barba, Miguel Angel, 'Winckelmann, Mengs y las colecciones escultóricas de Azara.' En:, El legado de Johann Joachim Winckelmann en España. Actas congreso internacional 20-21 Oct.2011, 2014, pp. 121-136 [131].

González Mozo, A, 'La imagen pintada' En:, In lapide depictum. Pintura italiana sobre piedra, 1530-1555, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2018, pp. 103-135 [116 f.89].

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 399.
399. Una cabeza de marmol de Carrara que representa a Baco. / Alto 1 pie, 10 pulg, 6 lin.

Inscriptions +

SARDANAPALLOS [en caracteres griegos, por José Nicolás de Azara]
Incised. On the front

Inscribed in black. On the front

Exhibitions +

In Lapide Depictum
17.04.2018 - 05.08.2018

Update date: 17-08-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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