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Saint James the Greater
Rubens, Pedro Pablo
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Rubens, Pedro Pablo

Siegen (Westfalia), 1577 - Amberes, 1640

Miniatura autor

Saint James the Greater

1610 - 1612. Oil on panel, 108 x 83 cm.

This is one of a series of twelve panels (P01646, P01647, P01648, P01649, P01650, P01651, P01652, P01653, P01654, P01655, P01656, P01657) that make up an apostolate that originally included a Savior of the World. The disciples of Christ are represented in the style the painter used around 1612-1613. These are large figures of forceful appearance and considerable plasticity, contrasting with the dark backgrounds. The use of these human types and the intensely directed light are the result of the painter´s trip to Italy, where he was influenced by the art of Michelangelo. The saints are depicted with their most representative attributes in order to facilitate their identification. Those attributes are drawn from a variety of iconographic and literary traditions, which has sometimes led to confusion about their identities. Saint Peter, with the keys to Heaven, begins the series. He is followed by Saint john, with the goblet with which he was intended to be poisoned, and Saint James, with a pilgrim´s hat and staff, in keeping with Medieval tradition. Saint Andrew and Saint Philip carry their respective martyr´s crosses, the first of which is x-shaped. Saint James the Minor, who was a fuller, holds the tool with which he was killed, and Saint Bartholomew carries the knife with which he was flayed. In that same sense, Saints Mathias, Thomas and Matthew carry diverse weapons alluding to their respective suffering. The series is completed with the representations of Saint Simon and Saint Paul, who carries the sword and Holy Scriptures, symbolizing his battle for the Faith and his work spreading the Gospel. This series was lost during the early seventeenth century, but reappeared in 1746 as part of the collection of Queen Isabel Farnesio at the La Granja Palace.

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Technical data

Related artworks

Saint Peter
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint John the Evangelist
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint Andrew
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint Philip
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint James the Less
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint Bartholomew
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint Mathias
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint Thomas
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint Simon
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Saint Matthew
Oil on panel, 1610 - 1612
Inventory number
P01648
Author
Rubens, Pedro Pablo
Title
Saint James the Greater
Date
1610 - 1612
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
High/Height: 108 cm.; Width: 83 cm.
Serie
Serie Apostolado del duque de Lerma
Provenance
Royal Collection (Palacio de La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, 1746, nº 228; Palacio de La Granja, Piezas del despacho, 1766, nº 228; Palacio de la Granja, Piezas del despacho, 1774, nº 228; Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, Pieza de tocador, 1794, nº 228; Palacio de Aranjuez, Tocador de la Reyna, 1814-1818, nº 228, Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, Madrid, Salón 1º Escuela Holandesa, 1834, nº 121)

Bibliography +

Corpus rubenianum Ludwig Burchard: an illustrated catalogue, Bruselas Arcade Press, 1968, pp. 34-48.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de pinturas. Escuela flamenca :, Madrid Museo del Prado : Patrimonio Nacional de Museos,, 1975, pp. 239.

Jaffe, Michael, Rubens: catálogo completo, Milán Rizzoli, 1989, pp. 178.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, El siglo de Rubens en el Museo del Prado : catálogo razonado, Barcelona Prensa Iberica,, 1995, pp. 888.

Vergara, Alejandro1960-, The Presence of Rubens in Spain. (Volumes i and II). Tesis D, Ann Arbor A Bell & Howell Company, 1999, pp. 13-17.

Schröder, Klaus Albrecht, Peter Paul Rubens, Viena Hatje Cantz, 2004, pp. 164-167.

Credo : masterpieces of religious art, Westphalia Draiflessen Collection, 2010, pp. 40-46.

Eaker, Adam, 'Van Dyck between Master and Model' College Art Association of America,, 2015, pp. 173-191 [175].

Pérez Preciado, J.J, 'Reyes Gobernadores, Nobles, Funcionarios y Artistas. La incesante llegada de obras de arte a España desde los Paises Bajos en el s.XVII', Zaragoza Universidad de Zaragoza,, 2015, pp. 132-142 [132].

Other inventories +

Inv. Isabel Farnesio, La Granja, 1746. Núm. 228.
Doce Pintura origles en Tabla, de mano de Rubens, que reptªn el Apostolado incluso Sn Pablo, y Sn Pedro, qe està vestido de blanco a lo Griego. tienen à vara, y quarta de alto; tres quartas, y nueve dedos de ancho. Marcos dorados con Targtªs a las Esquinas ... 12

Inv. Testamentaría Isabel Farnesio, La Granja, 1766. Núm. 228.
Piezas del Despacho 228 / Doce quadros que representan el Apostolado, de Rubens, de quatro pies y medio de alto, y tres y medio de ancho, marcos dorados, con targetas à las esquinas, todos bajo del mismo numero, valen diez y ocho mil rs

Inv. Carlos III, La Granja, 1774. Núm. 228.
228 / Doce pinturas el Apostolado de Rubens = quatro pies y medio de ancho todo bajo el mismo numero en las piezas del despacho = 18.000

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Aranjuez, 1794. Núm. 228.
Pieza de tocador [...] 228 / Doce quadros de tres pies escasos de largo, y tres pies y trece dedos de alto. Los doce Apostoles. Rubens ... 18.000

Inv. Fernando VII, Aranjuez, 1814-1818. Núm. 228.
Tocador de la Reyna [...] 228 / Doce quadros de tres pies escasos de largo tres pies y trece dedos de alto, los doce Apóstoles = Rubens

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. 121.
Salon 1º Escuela Holandesa Ciento veinte y uno. Santiago el Mayor de Rubens Tª 6.300

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1511.
Rubens / 1511. Santiago el Mayor / con un libro y un baculo. (tabla) / Alto 3 pies, 10 pulg, 6 lin ;Ancho 3 pies.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 1569.
1569.-(1511-N.)-Santiago el Mayor.-Media figura, tamaño natural. / Col. de Doña Isabel de Farnesio. Pal. de San Ildef. / Alto 1,08; ancho 0,84.-T.

Exhibitions +

Rubens
05.11.2010 - 23.01.2011

Location +

Room 028 (On Display)

Update date: 15-12-2015 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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