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Self-portrait of the Artist in his Studio
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
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Paret y Alcázar, Luis

Madrid (Spain), 1746 - Madrid (Spain), 1799

Paret y Alcázar, Luis See author's file

Self-portrait of the Artist in his Studio

1777. Oil on canvas.
Room 093

The family of this celebrated Madrid artist was originally French, and his own aesthetic roots lie outside Spain. In this self-portrait we see him sitting in a chair with cabriole legs, dressed in sumptuous elegance. He is wearing clothes similar to those worn by the majos of Madrid (those somewhat bohemian dandies-with-attitude of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century), but more refined and costly: an embroidered smockcoat, a vest, lace at his collar and cuffs, knee breeches, a sash at his waist, a handkerchief, his hair in a net, and slippers with silver buckles. Beside him, a typical round hat with its braided hatband completes the effect of a combination gentleman-majo that he has striven to produce. The setting for the portrait is the artist’s own studio, where objects for inspiration and the elements of the craft lie about, all presented with admirable precision and detail: classical busts, a palette and brushes, an inkwell and plume, portfolios for drawings and engravings, maps, and books, and as a backdrop a great oval canvas depicting a shipwreck. This canvas rests on an easel whose upper part is half-hidden under rich draperies.

No oval painting by Paret that might correspond to the one in the portrait has thus far been identified. That fact, combined with doubts about the painter’s physiognomy, led critics to question from the first moment whether this was truly a self-portrait. However, a ship similar to the one in the painting-within-apainting, and even with the same ensigns, appears in a portrait of a naval officer done by Paret. The ship-motif may be related to the shipwreck of the San Pedro de Alcántara, which sank at Peniche, off the coast of Portugal, on February 3, 1786, and which Paret may have known about. It is possible that Paret painted or sketched a canvas depicting the shipwreck, perhaps on commission.

This self-portrait, presented in a setting that defines an entire cultural milieu, may evidence the painter’s desire to be seen as a worthy and respectable art professional of humanistic culture; that is, it may be a sort of manifesto of the principles that govern creation, including the fundamental need to possess a solid education -thus explaining the visual references to the wise men of antiquity, scholarship, and geography. Paret’s pictorial strategy of portraying himself in a moment of reflection, or perhaps of inspiration, rather than in the act of painting, emphasizes the intellectual nature of the painter’s work. All of this necessarily implies for the artist a distinguished place in society, which is indicated more overtly here in the portrait in the magnificence of his clothing, clearly that of the upper class. It is also possible that Paret tried to express this social superiority in the portrait of his wife, María de las Nieves Michaela Fourdinier, also in the Prado collection (P3250), in which the lady makes a great show of luxury -luxury, indeed, in all probability above the couple’s financial possibilities.

The precedent for the artist’s pose, with his cheek resting lightly on his hand, is the traditional depiction of Melancholy, one of classical antiquity’s four humors or types of personality. The melancholic cast of mind was perceived as one of the typical traits of an artist, making him a special being, somehow separate from the rest of society (though here in clear dissonance with the elegant and fashionable clothing and Paret’s general worldliness, which we know of from his biography). This detail, more aesthetic than real, might be interpreted as a touch of pre-Romantic sensibility (Luna, J. J.: El Greco to Goya. Masterpieces from the Prado Museum, Museo de Arte de Ponce, 2012, pp. 127-128).


Technical data

Inventory number
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
Self-portrait of the Artist in his Studio
Height: 39.8 cm; Width: 31.8 cm; Base/bottom: 2.1 cm
Bequest of the Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, 1996.

Bibliography +

Gaya Nuño, Juan Antonio, Luis Paret y Alcázar, Boletín Sociedad Española de Excursiones, LVI, 1952, pp. 87-153 [143 n.61].

Delgado, O., Paret y Alcázar, Universidad de Puerto Rico. Instituto Diego Velázquez, C.S.I.C., 1957, pp. 175-176, 251-252 nº 58.

Luis Paret y Alcazar, 1746-1799, Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco, Vitoria-Gasteiz, 1991, pp. 267-269 nº 26.

Luna Fernández, Juan J, 'El mundo clásico en la obra de Paret' En:, Centro de Estudios Históricos CSIC. Alpuerto, Madrid, 1993, pp. 337-338.

Peters Bowron, E.; González de Durana, J., Luis Paret y Alcazar y los puertos del Pais Vasco, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, 1996, pp. 267-269, n. 26.

Gállego, Julián, Luis Paret, genio del Rococó, ABC de las artes, 1996 23 de diciembre, pp. 96.

Calvo Serraller, F., Un retrato melancólico. En: Luis Paret y Alcázar.1746-1799, Fund. Amigos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1996, pp. 13-42.

Morales y Marín, José Luis, Luis Paret, vida y obra, Aneto Publicaciones, Zaragoza, 1997, pp. 138 n.56.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Goya y la pintura española del siglo XVIII: guía, Museo del PradoAldeasa, Madrid, 2000, pp. 138-139.

Portús Pérez, Javier, La colección de pintura española en el Museo del Prado, Edilupa, Madrid, 2003, pp. 179.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El retrato español: del Greco a Picasso, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2004, pp. 359, n. 58.

Luna, Juan José, Guía actualizada del Prado. Una historia de la pintura a través de las obras del Museo, Alfiz, Madrid, 2005, pp. 6.

Luna, J. J., Autorretrato en el estudio (h. 1786). En: Ruiz Gómez, L.: El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2006, pp. 166, n. 54.

Enciclopedia del Museo del Prado, II, T.F. Editores-Fundación Amigos, Madrid, 2006, pp. 431.

De Tiziano a Goya. Grandes maestros del Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado-SEACEX, Madrid, 2007, pp. 271.

Ruíz Gómez, L., El retrato español en el Museo del Prado (1490-1800), En: Ruíz Gómez, L.; Barón, J. El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Sorolla, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2010, pp. 29.

González de Durana, Javier, 'Fractura pérdida y rehabilitación de Luis Paret y Alcázar' En: El arte del siglo de las luces, Fundación de Amigos, Galaxia Gutenberg, Madrid, Barcelona, 2010, pp. 293-313 [311 nº 7].

Del Greco a Goya. Obras maestras del Museo del Prado, Museo de Arte de Ponce. MNP. AC/E, 2012, pp. 68-69 nº 17.

Reuter, A, 'Luis Paret y Alcázar'. En:, Goya y el Infante Don Luis: el exilio y el reino : arte y ciencia en la época de la Ilustración española, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 2012, pp. 149-169 [150 n. 41].

Maurer, G., Goya: lo bello y lo recóndito. En: La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 342.

Mena Marqués, M.; Albarrán, V., La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, folleto, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 46 n.199.

Gaeto Sánchez, M, La estima del pintor en el s.XVIII a través de la imagen proyectada en el seno de la Academia. Una aproximación a Luis Paret y Alcázar, Mitteilungen der Carl Justi-Vereinigung, 2013-14, pp. 75-89 [83-89 f.2].

Portús Pérez, Javier, Metapintura: un viaje a la idea del arte en España, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2016, pp. 246-249 f.4.27 nº 112.

Ventura Rodríguez y Madrid en las colecciones municipales, Ayuntamiento de Madrid,, Madrid, 2017, pp. n.128.

Museo del Prado, 1819-2019: Un lugar de memoria, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2018, pp. 91, 278 nº123.

Luna, J.J, 'Luis Paret. Autorretrato en el estudio' En:, Cuarenta años de amistad. Donaciones de la Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado., Museo Nacional del Prado: Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado., Madrid, 2021, pp. 52 nº 9.

ALba, L. García Maíquez, J. Gayo, M.D, Jover de Celis, M. Merino Gorospe, J.L, 'Aportaciones al estudio técnico de las obras de Paret' En:, Paret, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2022, pp. 47-63 [48,56-57].

Albarrán, V. Maurer, G., 'Luis Paret y Alcázar. Autorretrato en estudio' En:, Paret, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2022, pp. 126-129 nº 24.

Mena, Manuela, Luis Paret y Alcázar. Dichas y desdichas de la fortuna', Buletina, 12, 2022, pp. 6-22 [10-11].

Maurer, Gudrun, 'Paret, pintor de singular ingenio' En:, Paret, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2022, pp. 15-45 [31-32].

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2380.

Inscriptions +

Parèt [En el lateral del pedestal sobre el que se disponen los bustos]
Front, lower left corner

Ludovico Gabriel Paret [ilegible] / Ipsius pingebat imaginem, suaque / in vero amicitie argumento / [ilegible] Patria D. D. [donum dedit] / [ilegible] Compatriotae suo / L[udovico] G[abriel] V [¿et?] [ilegible] Matritesi (?) / [ilegible] Carisimo (?) / Anno MDCCLXXVII / Aetatis XXXI [En el reverso de la tela original, forrada posteriormente]

ATLAS [En el lomo del libro que reposa en el suelo]
Front, lower right corner

Exhibitions +

24.05.2022 - 21.08.2022

COPIA DE - Paret
24.05.2022 - 21.08.2022

Forty Years of Friendship. Donations from the Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado
14.09.2021 - 16.01.2022

Luis Paret en Bilbao
08.06.2021 - 05.09.2021

Museo del Prado 1819-2019. A place of memory
19.11.2018 - 10.03.2019

Ventura Rodríguez Arquitecto
12.12.2017 - 27.05.2018

Meta-painting. A Journey to the Idea of Art
15.11.2016 - 19.02.2017

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

Goya y el Infante Don Luis: el exilio y el reino
22.10.2012 - 24.02.2013

From El Greco to Goya: Masterpieces from the Museo del Prado
Ponce, Puerto Rico
25.03.2012 - 16.07.2012

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Sorolla
01.10.2010 - 08.01.2011

From Titian to Goya. Great Masters from the Museo del Prado
13.09.2007 - 12.11.2007

From Titian to Goya. Great Masters from the Museo del Prado
29.06.2007 - 24.08.2007

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
05.03.2007 - 20.05.2007

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
12.12.2006 - 18.02.2007

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
19.09.2006 - 26.11.2006

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
22.06.2006 - 21.08.2006

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
Santiago de Compostela
09.03.2006 - 14.05.2006

The Spanish Portrait: From El Greco to Picasso
20.10.2004 - 06.02.2005

Location +

Room 093 (On Display)


Displayed objects +










Update date: 17-09-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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