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Self-portrait of the Artist in his Studio
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
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Paret y Alcázar, Luis

Madrid, 1746 - Madrid, 1799

Miniatura autor

Self-portrait of the Artist in his Studio

1775 - 1778. Oil on canvas, 39.8 x 31.8 cm.

The family of this celebrated Madrid artist was originally French, and his own aesthetic roots lie outside Spain. In this self-portrait we see him sitting in a chair with cabriole legs, dressed in sumptuous elegance. He is wearing clothes similar to those worn by the majos of Madrid (those somewhat bohemian dandies-with-attitude of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century), but more refined and costly: an embroidered smockcoat, a vest, lace at his collar and cuffs, knee breeches, a sash at his waist, a handkerchief, his hair in a net, and slippers with silver buckles. Beside him, a typical round hat with its braided hatband completes the effect of a combination gentleman-majo that he has striven to produce. The setting for the portrait is the artist’s own studio, where objects for inspiration and the elements of the craft lie about, all presented with admirable precision and detail: classical busts, a palette and brushes, an inkwell and plume, portfolios for drawings and engravings, maps, and books, and as a backdrop a great oval canvas depicting a shipwreck. This canvas rests on an easel whose upper part is half-hidden under rich draperies.

No oval painting by Paret that might correspond to the one in the portrait has thus far been identified. That fact, combined with doubts about the painter’s physiognomy, led critics to question from the first moment whether this was truly a self-portrait. However, a ship similar to the one in the painting-within-apainting, and even with the same ensigns, appears in a portrait of a naval officer done by Paret. The ship-motif may be related to the shipwreck of the San Pedro de Alcántara, which sank at Peniche, off the coast of Portugal, on February 3, 1786, and which Paret may have known about. It is possible that Paret painted or sketched a canvas depicting the shipwreck, perhaps on commission.

This self-portrait, presented in a setting that defines an entire cultural milieu, may evidence the painter’s desire to be seen as a worthy and respectable art professional of humanistic culture; that is, it may be a sort of manifesto of the principles that govern creation, including the fundamental need to possess a solid education -thus explaining the visual references to the wise men of antiquity, scholarship, and geography. Paret’s pictorial strategy of portraying himself in a moment of reflection, or perhaps of inspiration, rather than in the act of painting, emphasizes the intellectual nature of the painter’s work. All of this necessarily implies for the artist a distinguished place in society, which is indicated more overtly here in the portrait in the magnificence of his clothing, clearly that of the upper class. It is also possible that Paret tried to express this social superiority in the portrait of his wife, María de las Nieves Michaela Fourdinier, also in the Prado collection (P3250), in which the lady makes a great show of luxury -luxury, indeed, in all probability above the couple’s financial possibilities.

The precedent for the artist’s pose, with his cheek resting lightly on his hand, is the traditional depiction of Melancholy, one of classical antiquity’s four humors or types of personality. The melancholic cast of mind was perceived as one of the typical traits of an artist, making him a special being, somehow separate from the rest of society (though here in clear dissonance with the elegant and fashionable clothing and Paret’s general worldliness, which we know of from his biography). This detail, more aesthetic than real, might be interpreted as a touch of pre-Romantic sensibility (Luna, J. J.: El Greco to Goya. Masterpieces from the Prado Museum, Museo de Arte de Ponce, 2012, pp. 127-128).

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Technical data

Inventory number
P07701
Author
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
Title
Self-portrait of the Artist in his Studio
Date
1775 - 1778
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 39.8 cm.; Width: 31.8 cm.; Base/bottom: 2.1 cm.
Provenance
Donation by the Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, 1996.

Bibliography +

Delgado, O., Paret y Alcázar, Instituto Diego Velázquez CSIC, Madrid, 1957, pp. 251-252.

Peters Bowron, E.; González de Durana, J., Luis Paret y Alcazar y los puertos del Pais Vasco, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, 1996, pp. 267-269, n. 26.

Calvo Serraller, F., Un retrato melancólico. En: Luis Paret y Alcázar.1746-1799, Fund. Amigos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1996, pp. 13-42.

Morales y Marín, J. L., Luis Paret y Alcázar, Aneto, Zaragoza, 1997, pp. n. 56.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Goya y la pintura española del siglo XVIII: guía, Museo del PradoAldeasa, Madrid, 2000, pp. 138-139.

Portús, J., La Coleccion de Pintura Española en el Museo del Prado, Edilupa, Madrid, 2003, pp. 179.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El retrato español: del Greco a Picasso, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2004, pp. 359, n. 58.

Luna, J. J., Guía actualizada del Prado. Una historia de la pintura a través de las obras del Museo, Alfiz, Madrid, 2005, pp. 6.

Enciclopedia del Museo del Prado, II, T.F. Editores-Fundación Amigos, Madrid, 2006, pp. 431.

Luna, J. J., Autorretrato en el estudio (h. 1786). En: Ruiz Gómez, L.: El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2006, pp. 166, n. 54.

De Tiziano a Goya. Grandes maestros del Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado-SEACEX, Madrid, 2007, pp. 271.

Ruíz Gómez, L., El retrato español en el Museo del Prado (1490-1800). En: Ruíz Gómez, L.; Barón, J. El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Sorolla, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2010, pp. 29.

Del Greco a Goya. Obras maestras del Museo del Prado, Museo de Arte de Ponce. MNP. AC/E, 2012, pp. 68-69.

Obón, M., Luis Paret y Alcázar. En: Calvo Serraller, F. Goya y el Infante Don Luis: el exilio y el reino : arte y ciencia en la época de la Ilustración española, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 2012, pp. 167, n. 41.

Mena, M. Albarrán, V., La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, folleto, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 46 n.199.

Mena Marques, M, La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 342.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (desde 1856). Núm. 2380.

Exhibitions +

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

Goya y el Infante Don Luis: el exilio y el reino
Madrid
22.10.2012 - 24.02.2013

From El Greco to Goya: Masterpieces from the Museo del Prado
Ponce, Puerto Rico
25.03.2012 - 16.07.2012

Del Greco a Goya: Obras maestras del Museo del Prado. Puerto Rico
Ponce
22.03.2012 - 16.07.2012

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Sorolla
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
01.10.2010 - 08.01.2011

From Titian to Goya. Great Masters from the Museo del Prado
Shanghai
13.09.2007 - 12.11.2007

From Titian to Goya. Great Masters from the Museo del Prado
Beijing
29.06.2007 - 24.08.2007

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
Bilbao
05.03.2007 - 20.05.2007

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
Alicante
12.12.2006 - 18.02.2007

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
Toledo
19.09.2006 - 26.11.2006

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
Salamanca
22.06.2006 - 21.08.2006

El retrato español en el Prado. Del Greco a Goya
Santiago de Compostela
09.03.2006 - 14.05.2006

The Spanish Portrait: From El Greco to Picasso
20.10.2004 - 06.02.2005

Location +

Room 093 (On Display)

Update date: 12-04-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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