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The Virgin of Atocha
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
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Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Avilés, Asturias (Spain), 1614 - Madrid (Spain), 1685

Carreño de Miranda, Juan See author's file

The Virgin of Atocha

Ca. 1680. Oil on canvas Not on display

This surprising canvas presents the image of the Virgin of Atocha, just as she was worshipped on her altar at the Dominican convent dedicated to her on the outskirts of Madrid. This type of votive image with luxurious rigid clothing that gives the figure a conical silhouette—hence their popular characterization as “funnel” images—is very characteristic of the 17th century and quite frequently reproduced in engravings and sometimes paintings, where they created a sort of divine trompe l’oeil in which the faithful could imagine themselves in the presence of the actual statue. In 1669, Carreño had painted such an image of the Virgin of Almudena, which was then installed at the Hospital de la Piedad (Charity Hospital) in Benavente, Zamora. It therefore seems clear that he cultivated this genre on more than one occasion, including another surviving work: his Crucified Christ (P5174).

The fact that the artist signed this work as “Chamber Painter” helps to date it from after 1671, which makes it a painting from his mature period, probably for royal use. Among the works listed in the 1734 palace inventory as having been saved from the fire is “a painting two-and-a-half rods high by one-and-a-third wide, carved and gilded frame, of the Virgin of Atocha, by Juan Carreño’s hand.” In 1747, it appears in Philip V’s will, with an appraised value of 1,200 Reals. At that time, it was in the second bedroom at the Archbishop’s Place, along with many other canvases rescued from the fire. After that, it no longer appears in the royal inventories. Rather than returning to the Palace, it was probably placed in a church or other religious building, as it entered the Museo del Prado from the Museo de la Trinidad, where its inventory number had been 1058.

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Technical data

Inventory number
P005536
Author
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Title
The Virgin of Atocha
Date
Ca. 1680
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 218 cm.; Width: 148 cm.
Provenance
Museo de la Trinidad

Bibliography +

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Toledo y Ávila. Toledo. Museo de Santa Cruz, Boletín del Museo del Prado, V, 1984, pp. 71.

Fernandez-Castañon, J.A., Juan Carreño de Miranda y la Pintura Barroca Madrileña, Centro Regional de Bellas Artes, Avilés, 1985.

Carreño, Rizi, Herrera y la pintura madrileña de su tiempo, Ministerio de Cultura: Banco Herrero, Madrid, 1986, pp. nº 43.

Gutiérrez Alonso, Luis Carlos, Semiología del lenguaje floral en la pintura barroca madrileña (comentarios a una exposición), Boletín del Museo del Prado, 7, 1986, pp. 93-99.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, II. Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia., 'Hortus conclusus. La joyería en las clausuras femeninas' En:, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, 2010, pp. 125-142 [131].

Portús Pérez, Javier, 'Juan Carreño y la decadencia de la pintura española' En: Maestros en la sombra, Fundación Amigos Museo del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 291-313 [298,300].

Navarrete, Benito, Carreño de Miranda en el Museo de Bellas Artes de Asturias, Museo de Bellas Artes de Asturias, 2015, pp. 45 f.22.

de Mingo Lorente, Adolfo, Otro centenario de artistas en 2014. Obra toledana de Francisco Ruiz (1614-1685) y de Juan Carreño de Miranda (1614-1685), Archivo secreto, n.6, 2015, pp. 231-247 [242].

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Palacio Nuevo, 1747. Núm. 332.
Segunda Alcoba / Otra de Nuestra Señora de Atocha de dos varas y media de alto y dos de ancho original de don Juan Carreño en mil doscientos reales

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 1058.
1058. / Una Virgen al parecer de Atocha con dos candeleros y velas encendidas, en la parte alta dos lámparas sobre cortinaje encarnado fig.s menor del nat.l y cuerpo entº / Autor / Alto 2,18; ancho 1,48 / Necesita pronta restauración y formación id.id. / N. 10 / I Galofre / 1 clase

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 1058.
ESCUELA MADRILEÑA. [...] D. JUAN CARREÑO DE MIRANDA. [...] 1058. Nuestra Señora de Atocha. / Lienzo. - Al. 2,19. - An. 1,47. - Fig. m. n. / Firmado, Carreño. / Nuestra Señora de Atocha con manot tejido de oro sembrado de flores, y con corona de plata, tiene en sus brazos a su divino hijo, y está colocada sobre un pedestal tambien de plata; y un ángel sostiene una media luna; en la parte superior, y delante de una cortina que forma pabellon, penden dos lámparas con cuatro velas cada una. En una moldura del pedestal se lee; ''J. Carreño F. cámara Caroli II''

Exhibitions +

Tesoros ocultos. Fondos selectos del museo del Greco y del Archivo de la Nobleza
Toledo
29.05.2007 - 02.02.2009

Location +

(Deposit)

Update date: 06-05-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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