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This man was told his face was indecent so he wore his breeches on his head
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

This man was told his face was indecent so he wore his breeches on his head

1796 - 1797. Red wash, Pencil, Iron gall ink, Black chalk lines on laid paper Not on display

This preparatory drawing for the etching Capricho 54, The shameful one (G02156) is part of The Dreams, a series of twenty-six pen-and-ink drawings that serve as the basis for The Caprichos. Headed by Dream 1. The Author Dreaming, which became number 43 in the definitive and expanded Caprichos. Here, Goya focuses his social criticism on the bestiality of a deformed man whose head emerges from his breeches. Among the slight variations between the print and the preparatory drawing, the most striking is that, in the former, he wears his trousers, but in the latter, he does not. As a result, the latter came to be known as The satire of man’s lechery. Moreover, this is the only drawing in the series to mix red-ink wash with pen. Valentín Carderera’s handwritten commentaries on the Caprichos, which are in both the Biblioteca Nacional and the Museo del Prado, further clarify this subject. The first reads: Men with large noses also tend to have large arrows [here, “arrow” is a euphemism for penis] and fat gandumbas [testicles]. As they are often sodomites, this one is depicted with his breeches on his head, with his pudenda hanging out as he lies on top of a poor devil and pulls up his skirts. The second commentary completes the information: There are men whose face is the most indecent part of their body, and it would be good if those whose face is that disgraceful and ridiculous would stick it in their breeches. (Texto extractado de Matilla, J.M. y otros: El libro de los Caprichos. Francisco de Goya: dos siglos de interpretaciones, 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1999. pp. 21, 286).

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Related artworks

The shameful
Etching on ivory laid paper, 1797 - 1799
Inventory number
D004239
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Title
This man was told his face was indecent so he wore his breeches on his head
Date
1796 - 1797
Technique
Red wash; Pencil; Iron gall ink; Black chalk lines
Support
Laid paper
Dimension
Height: 308 mm.; Width: 209 mm.
Series
Caprichos [dibujo]. Serie Los Sueños, 54, 23
Provenance
Javier Goya, Madrid, 1828; Mariano Goya, Madrid, 1854; Valentín Carderera, Madrid, c. 1861; Mariano Carderera, Madrid, 1880; Museo del Prado, 12.11.1886.

Bibliography +

Gassier, Pierre, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. nº 560.

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para Grabados y Pinturas, II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 100.

Glendinning, Nigel, Goya, la década de los Caprichos : retratos 1792-1804, Real Academia Bellas Artes San Fernando, Madrid, 1992, pp. 242.

Blas, Javier, El Libro de los Caprichos: dos siglos de interpretaciones 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional de Prado, Madrid, 1999, pp. 287.

Matilla, José Manuel, El Libro de los Caprichos: dos siglos de interpretaciones 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional de Prado, Madrid, 1999, pp. 21, 286.

Matilla, José Manuel, Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio, ¡Universidad de Salamanca, 2008.

Other inventories +

Colección Dibujos Goya (Numeración Sánchez Catón). Núm. 108.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 560.

Catálogo Gassier, 1975. Núm. II 63.

Exhibitions +

Goya: la década de los Caprichos
Madrid
26.10.1992 - 10.01.1993

Update date: 02-05-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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