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Venus of Madrid
Taller romano
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Taller romano

Venus of Madrid

Ca. 150. White marble, 184 x 68 cm.

This sculpture is a Roman copy of a Hellenistic original dating from the second-first century B.C. Stripped of the baroque additions that distorted it, it is part of a large cycle of Venuses linked by similar postures. The beginning of this type of sculpture would seem to lie in a work by Lysipus or his school known through a Roman copy: the Venus of Capua. In it, the goddess, with a nude torso, looks at her reflection in Ares' shield, which she holds in both hands. Adaptations from the Second Century B.C. include the rather fleshier Venus of Milo, and the prototype from which the present work is derived, with a clothed torso. Similar figures, with diverse variations, continued to be made for Roman female portraits. These bore wings, as images of Victories, allowing them to be used on triumphal monuments.


Technical data

Inventory number
Taller romano
Venus of Madrid
Ca. 150
White marble
High/Height: 184 cm.; Width: 68 cm.; Base/bottom: 51 cm.
Colección Real (Col. Cristina de Suecia; Col. Livio Odescalchi; San Ildefonso, Palacio Real, Col. Felipe V).

Bibliography +

Hübner, Emil, Die Antiken Bildwerke in Madrid, Berlín : Druck Und Verlag Von Georg Reimer, 1862, pp. 46.

Reinach, Salomon, Repertoire de la Statuaire Grecque et Romaine. Vol. I, París : Ernest Leroux, 1906, pp. 338.

Barrón, Eduardo, Catálogo de la escultura, Madrid Imprenta y fototipia J. Lacoste, 1908, pp. 54-55, n.44.

Ricard, Robert, Marbres Antiques du Musee du Prado a Madrid, Burdeos : Feret & Fils, 1923, pp. 50.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la Escultura, Madrid : [s.n], 1957, pp. 44.

Blanco Freijeiro, Antonio, Arte griego, Madrid Instituto Español de Arqueología, 1966, pp. 262.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la escultura, Madrid : Patronato Nacional de Museos, 1981, pp. nº44.

El Cuaderno de Ajello y las esculturas del Museo del Prado, Madrid : Museo del Prado, 1998, pp. 84.

Elvira Barba, Miguel Angel, Escultura clásica : guía, Santander : Fundación Marcelino Botín : Museo, 1999, pp. 130.

Bajo el signo de Fortuna : esculturas clásicas del Museo del..., Madrid : Museo Nacional del Prado, 1999, pp. 33.

Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, Madrid Museo Nacional del Prado, 2004, pp. 383-388.

Schröder, S.; Elvira Barba, M.A, ''Eutichio Ajello (1711-1793) y su descripción de la célebre Real Galería de San Idelfonso'' MUSEO DEL PRADO, 2006, pp. 40-88.

Corona y arqueología en el Siglo de las Luces : [Exposición]... : Patrimonio Nacional, 2010, pp. 85-93.

Maier Allende, J, Las antigüedades en Palacio: Ideología y función de las colecciones reales de arte antiguo en el siglo XVIII. : Imp. Raycar, 2010, pp. 6-29.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, Escultura, 1857. Núm. 778.
778. Una estatua que parece de Ceres de marmol griego. Faltan los brazos, y la cabeza esta muy estropeada. / Alto 6 pies, 6 pulg.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Location +

Room 072 (On Display)

Update date: 03-12-2015 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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