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Lads Making Ready
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

Lads Making Ready

1797 - 1799. Etching, Japanese chisel, Burnished aquatint on ivory laid paper. Not on display

Capricho 11, Lads Making Ready (G02099 / G00644) is part of Caprichos. The subject matter was common in that period in compositions employed by Enlightenment critics. The print and drawing have different but similar compositional schemes. As usual, Goya reduced the number of characters from five to three, simplifying the composition in a way that resembles his tapestry cartoon from 1870, The Tobacco Guards. Following that line, it has been suggested that the figures might represent Andalusian smugglers, as contraband tobacco was widely consumed in order to avoid taxes imposed by the royal monopoly on that material. Both the drawing and the print are faithful reflections of social criticism, and the version at the Biblioteca Nacional describes those characters’ lifestyle: Smugglers awaiting passers by near a road are hardly distinguishable from thieves. The Museo del Prado has two print from the first edition of Capricho 11, while a preliminary brush-and-ink drawing from Album B, 88 is part of the collection of the Hispanic Society of America in New York (237 x 147 mm, 1794-95, No GW 446/ G I 91). The Proutè Collection in Paris has a state proof from before the additional aquatint (269 x 202 mm, No. H 46.I.2), and another state proof from before the additional aquatint was burnished is at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris (263 x 169 mm, No A 5245). Finally, Calcografía Nacional in Madrid has a steel-plated copper plate from the same series (219 x 154 mm, 431.63 g. No. 3437). As to observations: The mark of the plate is visible on the drawing as a result of its tracing on the copper plate (218 x 152 mm), as are 26-27 mm vertical laid lines (Text from: Matilla, J.M.: Goya. Del Sueño al Capricho. Génesis de una serie de estampas, Madrid: Museo del Prado, 1999).

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Related artworks

Wild merchants
Pencil on laid paper, 1796 - 1797
Lads Making Ready
Burin on paper, 1799
Muchachos al avío
Wash on laid paper, Mid-XIXcentury
Inventory number
G002099
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Title
Lads Making Ready
Date
1797 - 1799
Technique
Etching; Japanese chisel; Burnished aquatint
Support
Ivory laid paper
Dimension
Height: 306 mm.; Width: 201 mm.; Height of the plate mark: 215 mm.; Width of the plate mark: 152 mm.
Series
Caprichos [estampa], 11

Bibliography +

Brunet, M.G., Étude sur Francisco Goya. Sa vie et ses travaux. Notice biographique et artistique accompagnée de photographies d’aprés les compositions de ce maitre, Aubry, libraire-éditeur, París, 1865, pp. 32.

Lefort, P., Essai d’un catalogue raisonné de l’oeuvre gravé et lithographié de Francisco de Goya. Première Partie. Pièces publiées en séries. Les Caprices. Nos 1 a 80, Gazette des beaux-arts, IX, 22, 1867, pp. 202.

D'Achiardi, P., Les dessins de D. Francisco Goya y Lucientes au Musée du Prado à Madrid. 1ère livraison (Les Caprices), D.Anderson Editeur, Roma, 1908.

Beruete y Moret, A., Goya grabador, III, Blass y Cía, Madrid, 1918, pp. 41.

Wight, F.S., The Revulsions of Goya: Subconscious Communications in the Etchings, The Journal of Aesthetics & Art Criticism, V,1, 1946, pp. 1-12.

Sánchez Cantón, F.J., Los Caprichos de Goya y sus dibujos preparatorios, Instituto Amatller de Arte Hispánico, Barcelona, 1949, pp. 71-72.

López-Rey, J., Goya’s Caprichos: Beauty, Reason and Caricature, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1953, pp. 110-111.

Harris, T., ''Catalogue Raisonné'', en Goya: Engravings and Lithographs, II, Bruno Cassirer, Oxford, 1964, pp. 81, n. 46.

Delteil, Loys, Goya. Facs. 1922, Collectors EditionsDa Capo Press, 1969, pp. n. 48.

Gassier, P. & Wilson-Bareau, J, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Friburgo, 1970.

Gassier, P., Dibujos de Goya. Los Álbumes, Noguer, Barcelona, 1973, pp. n.91.

Gassier, P., Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para grabados y pinturas, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. n. 59.

Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Los Caprichos de Goya, Gustavo Gili, Barcelona, 1978, pp. 54.

López Vázquez, J. M. B., Los Caprichos de Goya y su interpretación, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela, 1982, pp. 71-72.

Virot, A. M., Réflexions sur le regard dans les Caprices et les Peintures noires”, en Goya: regards et lectures, Aix-en-Provence, Universite de Provence, Provence, 1982, pp. 88-89.

Helman, Edith, Trasmundo de Goya, Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1983, pp. 44.

Sayre, E.A., “Muchachos al avío”, en Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1988, pp. 214-215, n.43.

Cela, C.J., Los Caprichos de Francisco de Goya, Sílex, Madrid, 1989, pp. 34-35.

Wilson-Bareau, J., Goya: la década de los Caprichos. Dibujos y aguafuertes, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, 1992, pp. 262-267.

Vega, J., “El sueño dibujado”en Realidad y sueño en los viajes de Goya, I Jornadas de Arte en Fuendetodos, Zaragoza, 1996, pp. 47.

Blas, J; Andioc, R; Centellas, R., Mirar y leer. Los Caprichos de Goya, Diputacion Provincial de Madrid ; Calcografía Nacional; Pontevedra: Museo de Pontevedra, Zaragoza, 1999, pp. 100-105.

Stoichita, V.I; Coderch, A.M., El último carnaval: un ensayo sobre Goya, Siruela, 2000, pp. 169-207, 209-237, 285-307.

López Vázquez, J.M.B., Bellacos, lisonjeros y amigos de mesa defraudadores de la verdad. Caprichos 11, 12 y 13, Academia. Boletín de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, 92-93, 2001, pp. 45-65.

López Vázquez, J.M.B., Goya. Sueños y Caprichos. En: Goya y Dalí, Universidad Santiago de Compostela; Fundación Artes, Ribeira, 2004, pp. 275-282.

Bozal, V., Francisco Goya: vida y obra, T.F., Madrid, 2005, pp. 191-230.

Schulz, A., Goya's Caprichos : Aesthetics, Perception, and the Body, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005.

Cirlot, L., “Comentarios a los Caprichos”, en Caprichos: Francisco de Goya. Estudios, Planeta; Universidad de Zaragoza, Barcelona, 2006, pp. 150-153.

Araujo Sanchez, C., Goya, La España Moderna, Madrid, pp. 134.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2297.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 472.

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Update date: 23-09-2020 | Registry created on 01-09-2015

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