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Perhaps they are of another breed
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

Perhaps they are of another breed

1812 - 1814. Wash, Etching, Burnisher, Burin, Drypoint on ivory paper. Not on display

Disasters of War, 61, Perhaps they are of another breed. In a densely atmospheric urban setting barely sketched in with light architectural references, Goya shows the path from hunger to death: those who beg on the streets, those who barely survive on charity, the dying, and once again, the dead. For the first time in art, Goya focuses especially on hunger, and thus, the seventeen prints that depict the suffering in Madrid become a modern version of The four horsemen of the Apocalypse, with their combination of war, hunger, pestilence and death. While the previous prints convey the dichotomy generated by violence between victims and victimizers; here, Goya shows us how hunger does not affect everyone in the same way, distinguishing between its suffering victims and the privileged, who avoid it and even use it to their benefit. Thus, Goya reiterates his criticism. The title is aimed in this direction and reinforced by the word “Perhaps,” which serves to emphasize the expression here. As usual, however, Goya uses the title as a call for thought. To whom is he referring? Who is of another breed? Those who beg for help on the street, dressed in rags, starving, extenuated and already half dead? Or the group of elegant people that includes two men dressed in the English style, with two-cornered carrik hats or top hats and their companions—the beautiful young women barely visible behind them—before whom they adopt the proud and uncaring attitude conveyed by their facial expressions? (Text from: Matilla, J.M.: Si son de otro linage, in: Goya en tiempos de Guerra, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2008, p. 324)

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Perhaps they are of another breed
Black chalk on grey laid paper, 1812 - 1814
Inventory number
G002391
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Title
Perhaps they are of another breed
Date
1812 - 1814
Technique
Wash; Etching; Burnisher; Burin; Drypoint
Support
Ivory paper
Dimension
Height: 156 mm.; Width: 208 mm.
Series
Desastres de la guerra [estampa], 61
Provenance
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid; Eduardo Luis Moreda Fernández; Museo del Prado, 2000

Bibliography +

Brunet, M.G., Étude sur Francisco Goya sa vie et ses travaux, Aubry, Paris, 1865, pp. 56.

Viñaza, Cipriano Muñoz y Manzano Conde de la, Goya: su tiempo, su vida, sus obras, Tip. M.G. Hernández, Madrid, 1887, pp. 393.

Delteil, Loys, Francisco Goya, I, Chez L'Auteur, Paris, 1922.

Mayer, August L., Francisco de Goya, Labor, Barcelona, 1925, pp. 231.

Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Goya: el dos de mayo y los fusilamientos de la Moncloa, Juventud, Barcelona, 1946, pp. 20-21.

Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Los desastres de la guerra de Goya y sus dibujos preparatorios, Instituto Amatller de Arte Hispánico, Barcelona, 1952, pp. 26, 177.

Harris, Tomas, Goya, engravings and lithographs, II, Bruno Cassirer, Oxford, 1964, pp. 181.

Gassier, Pierre, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970.

Derozier, C., La Guerre D'Independance Espagnole a Travers L'Estampe (1808..., II, Universidad de Lille, Lille, 1976, pp. 929.

Pita Andrade J.M. y Alvarez Lopera J., Goya y la constitución de 1812, Ayuntamiento, Delegación de Cultura, Madrid, 1982, pp. 19.

Vega, Jesusa, Si son de otro Linage, Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1988, pp. 316.

Vega, Jesusa, Fatales consecuencias de la guerra.Francisco de Goya, pintor, Francisco de Goya, grabador: instantáneas, Caser y Calcografía Nacional, Madrid, 1992, pp. 27.

Vega, Jesusa, Museo del Prado: catálogo de estampas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1992, pp. 96.

Blas, J. y Matilla, J.M., El libro de los desastres de la guerra : Francisco de Goya, Museo Nacional del Prado,Calcografía Nacional, Madrid, 2000, pp. 115-117.

Obras adscritas al Museo Nacional del Prado en el año 2000, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XIX, 2001, pp. 200.

Nieto Alcaide, V., La guerra y lo imaginario en la pintura de Goya. En: Historias inmortales, Barcelona, 2003, pp. 319-329.

Calcografía Nacional (España), Calcografía Nacional: catálogo general, II, Calcografía Nacional, Madrid, 2004, pp. 466.

Wilson-Bareau J. [et alt.], Catalogue, Goya graveur, Chaudun y Paris musées, Paris, 2008, pp. 250.

Matilla, José Manuel, Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio, Universidad de Salamanca, 2008.

Matilla J.M., Si son de otro linage, Goya: en tiempos de guerra, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 324.

Bordes J., Matilla J.M. y Balsells S, Goya, cronista de todas las guerras: los ''desastres'' y la fotografía de guerra, Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno y Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; Madrid, 2009, pp. 202.

Hofmann, Julius, Francisco de Goya: Katalog seines graphischen Werkes, Gesellschaft für vervielfältigende Kunst, Viena, 2014, pp. 91-145.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2564.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Update date: 02-05-2019 | Registry created on 26-11-2015

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