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Perhaps they are of another breed
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

Perhaps they are of another breed

1812 - 1814. Black chalk, Red chalk on laid paper.
Not on display

A preparatory drawing for Disasters of War, 61, Perhaps they are of another breed. In a densely atmospheric urban setting barely sketched in with light architectural references, Goya shows the path from hunger to death: those who beg on the streets, those who barely survive on charity, the dying, and once again, the dead. For the first time in art, Goya focuses especially on hunger, and thus, the seventeen prints that depict the suffering in Madrid become a modern version of The four horsemen of the Apocalypse, with their combination of war, hunger, pestilence and death. While the previous prints convey the dichotomy generated by violence between victims and victimizers; here, Goya shows us how hunger does not affect everyone in the same way, distinguishing between its suffering victims and the privileged, who avoid it and even use it to their benefit. Thus, Goya reiterates his criticism. The title is aimed in this direction and reinforced by the word “Perhaps,” which serves to emphasize the expression here. As usual, however, Goya uses the title as a call for thought. To whom is he referring? Who is of another breed? Those who beg for help on the street, dressed in rags, starving, extenuated and already half dead? Or the group of elegant people that includes two men dressed in the English style, with two-cornered carrik hats or top hats and their companions—the beautiful young women barely visible behind them—before whom they adopt the proud and uncaring attitude conveyed by their facial expressions? (Text from: Matilla, J.M.: Si son de otro linage, in: Goya en tiempos de Guerra, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2008, p. 324)


Technical data

Related artworks

Perhaps they are of another breed
Wash, Etching, Burnisher, Burin, Drypoint on wove paper, 1812 - 1814
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Inventory number
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Perhaps they are of another breed
1812 - 1814
Black chalk; Red chalk
Laid paper
Height: 169 mm; Width: 212 mm
Desastres de la guerra [dibujo]
Javier Goya, Madrid, 1828; Mariano Goya, Madrid, 1854; Valentín Carderera, Madrid, c. 1861; Mariano Carderera, Madrid, 1880; Museo del Prado, 1886.

Bibliography +

D'Achiardi, Pierre, Les Dessins de D. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes au Musée du Prado à Madrid, II, D. Anderson, Roma, 1908.

Delteil, Loys, Francisco Goya, I, Chez L'Auteur, Paris, 1922.

Mayer, August L., Francisco de Goya, Labor, Barcelona, 1925, pp. 231.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Sala de los dibujos de Goya, II, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1928, pp. 26, n.153.

Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Los desastres de la guerra de Goya y sus dibujos preparatorios, Instituto Amatller de Arte Hispánico, Barcelona, 1952, pp. 26, 177.

Uberwasser, Goya. Gemalde. Zeichnungen. Graphik. Tapisserien, Kunsthalle Basel, Basilea, 1953, pp. 87.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Los dibujos de Goya reproducidos a su tamaño y en su color. Estudios para Los Caprichos, Los Desastres de la guerra, La Tauromaquia y dibujos no grabados, I, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1954, pp. 122.

Gassier, Pierre y Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. nº 1097.

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para Grabados y Pinturas, II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 284.

Derozier, C., La Guerre D'Independance Espagnole a Travers L'Estampe (1808..., II, Universidad de Lille, Lille, 1976, pp. 929.

Pita Andrade, J. M., Álvarez Lopera, J. et al., Goya y la constitución de 1812, Ayuntamiento, Delegación de Cultura, Madrid, 1982, pp. nº 19.

Vega J., Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1988, pp. 316.

Tonnesson, Kare, Francisco Goya, Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo, 1996.

Blas, Javier; Matilla, José Manuel, El libro de los desastres de la guerra: Francisco de Goya, I, Museo Nacional del Prado; Calcografía Nacional, Madrid, 2000.

Nieto Alcaide, V., La guerra y lo imaginario en la pintura de Goya. En: Historias inmortales, Barcelona, 2003, pp. 319-329.

Matilla, José Manuel, Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio, Universidad de Salamanca, 2008.

Goya en tiempos de guerra, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 324.

Bordes, J., Matilla J.M. y Balsells S., Goya: cronista de todas las guerras : los ''desastres'' y la fotografía de guerra, Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno y Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Las Palmas De Gran Canaria Y Madrid, 2009, pp. 202.

Cobo, G., 'Niños. La Infancia y su entorno' En:, Mena Marques,Manuela B. Goya en Madrid : cartones para tapices 1775-1794, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2014, pp. 212-219 [216 f.5.19].

Matilla, J.M. Mena M.B., Goya: dibujos. Solo la voluntad me sobra, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2019, pp. 205 nº 127.

Filigree +

Motive: Grifo y monograma "JC" (mitad superior)
Height: 32 mm
Width: 50 mm

Other inventories +

Catálogo Gassier, 1975. Núm. II 210.

Colección Dibujos Goya (Numeración Sánchez Catón). Núm. 153.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 1097.

Inscriptions +

"153" (sobre adhesivo)
Inscribed in pen and ink. Back, right side

Inscribed. Front, lower left corner

Exhibitions +

Goya. Drawings. "Only my Strength of Will Remains"
20.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Solo la voluntad me sobra. Dibujos de Francisco de Goya
19.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Goya in Madrid
28.11.2014 - 03.05.2015

Goya in Times of War
15.04.2008 - 13.07.2008

Francisco de Goya
10.02.1996 - 14.04.1996

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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