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The crucified Christ
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
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Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Sevilla (Spain), 1599 - Madrid (Spain), 1660

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y See author's file

The crucified Christ

1631. Oil on canvas.
Room 014

Unlike the Christ Crucified (P1161) from the convent of San Plácido, whose authorship and extraordinary merits are uncontested, the present work has produced division of opinions among historians. Some do not consider it a work by Velázquez’s hand, while others point out that it bears his signature. Still, it seems rather strange that a painter who preferred not to put his name on his paintings would have done so on a relatively unpretentious work. Its clear anatomical similarities to the San Plácido work have also been pointed out, along with the presence of four nails -an iconographic singularity closely linked at that time to artists from Franciso Pacheco’s circle, including his son-in-law and Alonso Cano. Some historians have related its colors to those of Joseph’s Tunic (Patrimonio Nacional) and Vulcan’s Forge (P1171), both of which are from around the date that appears alongside the signature on the present work. Yet others believe that, while it can be related to Velázquez’s surroundings, it is vastly inferior to his capacity and even has a rather clumsily constructed background, indicating that it may have been painted in his workshop. Technical studies made in recent years also support some skepticism about Velázquez’s complete authorship (Text from Portús, J.: Velázquez. Guía, Museo del Prado, 1999, p. 91).


Technical data

Inventory number
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
The crucified Christ
Height: 100 cm; Width: 57 cm
Convent of Bernardas del Santísimo Sacramento, Madrid: donated by the convent to the State, which sent it to the Museo del Prado, 1946.

Bibliography +

Pantorba, Bernardino de, La vida y la obra de Velázquez: estudio biográfico y crítico, Compañía Bibliográfica Española, Madrid, 1955, pp. 104.

Gerstenberg, Kurt, Diego Velázquez, Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin-Munich, 1957, pp. 86.

Lozoya, Marqués de, Mengs y Velázquez, Archivo Español de Arte / Archivo Español de Arte y Arqueología, 36, 1963, pp. 133.

López Rey, José, Velázquez: a catalogue raisonné of his oeuvre, Faber and Faber, Londres, 1963, pp. 127 /lám. 173.

Camón Aznar, José, Velázquez, I, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1964, pp. 441.

Gudiol, José, Velázquez: 1599-1660, historia de su vida, catálogo de su obra, Ediciones Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1973.

Pita Andrade, José Manuel, Tchedevi Ispanskoi Shivopisi XVI-XIX. Vekov 12 Muzei Prado V Madride, Moscú, 1980, pp. nº13.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, 400 Años de Pintura Española, Museo de Cultura, Madrid, 1981, pp. 114.

Harris, Enriqueta, Velázquez, Phaidon, Oxford, 1982, pp. 119/fám. 113.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 746.

Velázquez, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1990, pp. 178.

Garrido Pérez, Carmen, Velázquez: técnica y evolución, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1992, pp. 281-297.

Mckim-Smith, Gridley, Ciencia e historia del arte: Velazquez en el Prado, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1993, pp. 81/lám. 60.

Marías, Fernando, Velázquez. Pintor y criado del rey, Nerea, Madrid, 1999, pp. 136 / lám. 93.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Velázquez: guía, Museo del Prado Aldeasa, Madrid, 1999, pp. 91.

Moser, Wolf, Diego de Silva Velázquez. Das werk und der maler, I, Saint-Georges, Lyon, 2011, pp. 245.

Cruz Valdovinos, José Manuel, Velázquez: vida y obra de un pintor cortesano, Caja Inmaculada, 2011, pp. 154-155.

Saracino, Francesco, Cristo a Napoli. Pittura e cristologia nel Seicento, Grimaldi & C., 2012, pp. 168-171, f.106.

Kientz, Guillaume, Velázquez. L'Affrontement de la peinture, Cohen & Cohen, París, 2015, pp. 242-244 cat.77.

Aterido, Angel, 'Imágenes religiosas de Velázquez: espacio devocional y corte en la de´cada de 1630' En:, Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado; Planeta, Madrid, 2021, pp. 189-215 [210-215].

Inscriptions +

Do. Velázquez fa. 1631
Signed and dated. Front, lower left corner

Exhibitions +

06.06.2020 - 25.07.2021

Pintura mejicana y pintura española de los Siglos XVI al XVIII
México D.F.
20.07.1991 - 31.08.1991

23.01.1990 - 31.03.1990

Location +

Room 014 (On Display)

Update date: 09-04-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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