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The Illness of Reason
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

The Illness of Reason

1796 - 1797. Black chalk, Pencil, Iron gall ink on laid paper Not on display

A preparatory drawing for the etching, Capricho 50. The Chinchillas (G02138). The group of twenty-six pen drawings that constitute the basis for The Caprichos in its initial phase, make up the Dreams series. Beginning with Dream 1, The Author Dreaming, they draw on a customary 18th-century subject. The plate mark indicates that this drawing was transferred, but no proof is known, and the handwritten number has disappeared. The print and preparatory drawing are not identical. The women and the male figure holding a spoon are not present in the Capricho. We know the subject from handwritten notations by Valentín Cardera at both the Biblioteca Nacional and the Museo del Prado. Both clarify that this is social criticism. As the first observes: Those idiots who boast of being noblemen always wear their family history on their chests, lazily lolling and fanatically reciting the Rosary as they yawn. Ignorance is their fodder and their understanding is closed and locked. The drawing’s meaning is completed by the second notation: Whoever hears nothing, knows nothing and does nothing belongs to the huge family of the Chinchillas [the protagonists of José de Cañizares’s comedy, Old Professor Lucas] that have always been a pack of good-for-nothings. The Museo del Prado has a series of works related to Dream 17, including another preparatory drawing (D03950) and both the first and second edition of Capricho 50 (G00757 / G02138). Calcografía Nacional in Madrid has a steel-plated copper plate from the same series (207 x 151 mm, 421.62 g. No. 3476). Moreover, the drawing bears the mark of the 200 x 150 mm copper plate to which its image was transferred, as well as vertical laid lines (Text from Matilla, J. M. and others: El libro de los Caprichos. Francisco de Goya: dos siglos de interpretaciones, 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1999. pp. 21, 270).

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Related artworks

Los Chinchillas
Etching on ivory laid paper, 1797 - 1799
Inventory number
D003924
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Title
The Illness of Reason
Date
1796 - 1797
Technique
Black chalk; Pencil; Iron gall ink
Support
Laid paper
Dimension
Height: 235 mm.; Width: 161 mm.
Series
Caprichos [dibujo]. Serie Los Sueños, 50, 17 (?)
Provenance
Javier Goya, Madrid, 1828; Mariano Goya, Madrid, 1854; Valentín Carderera, Madrid, c. 1861; Mariano Carderera, Madrid, 1880; Museo del Prado, 12-11- 1886.

Bibliography +

Gassier, Pierre, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. nº 623.

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Tomo.II. Estudios para grabados y pinturas, II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 102.

Salas, Xavier de, Goya Das Zeitalter Der Revolution 1789-1830, Prestel Verlag: Kunsthalle, Múnich ; Hamburgo, 1980, pp. 89.

Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración, [El Viso], Madrid, 1988, pp. 237-235.

Goya and the spirit of enlightenment, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1989, pp. 119-120.

Glendinning, Nigel, Goya, la década de los Caprichos : retratos 1792-1804, Real Academia Bellas Artes San Fernando, Madrid, 1992, pp. 202.

Vega, Jesusa, 'El sueño dibujado' En:, Realidad y sueño en los viajes de Goya. Actas de las I Jornadas de arte de Fuendetodos (1994)., Zaragoza, 1996, pp. 41-67 [53 f.19].

Blas, Javier, El Libro de los Caprichos: dos siglos de interpretaciones 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional de Prado, Madrid, 1999, pp. 271.

Matilla, José Manuel et al., El Libro de los Caprichos: dos siglos de interpretaciones 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional de Prado, Madrid, 1999, pp. 21, 270.

Other inventories +

Colección Dibujos Goya (Numeración Sánchez Catón). Núm. 35.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 623.

Catálogo Gassier, 1975. Núm. II 65.

Exhibitions +

Goya. Drawings. "Only my Strength of Will Remains"
Madrid
20.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Solo la voluntad me sobra. Dibujos de Francisco de Goya
Madrid
19.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Goya: la década de los Caprichos
Madrid
26.10.1992 - 10.01.1993

Location +

Room A (Temporary Exhibition)

Exposición Temporal
Update date: 19-11-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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