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Charity
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

Charity

1810. Red chalk, Conté crayon on ivory laid paper Not on display

A preparatory drawing for Disasters of War, 27, Charity. Once more, Goya eliminates any reference that could specifically identify the event being depicted in order to create an emotionally gripping scene whose main idea is once again the lack of respect for a human body. The nature of this subject may be what led Goya to intentionally present it in a way that keeps viewers from clearly identifying its protagonists. Who are the gravediggers and who are the dead? A comparison of the preparatory drawing to the engraving does not shed much light on its interpretation. The fundamental difference between them is the appearance of the two figures standing on the right. In the drawing, the one closest to the edge of the composition sports a hat that closely resembles the colback worn by mounted hunters from the Napoleonic Guard, who were most responsible for the repression under the command of Murat. This low cylindrical fur-lined hat distinguished these troops from the French infantry, which wore a higher schako of the sort that appears on the members of the firing squad in the artist’s Third of May. Goya often used this part of the uniform to distinguish the French soldiers responsible for most of the series’ most violent scenes. A serious figure wearing a sort of turban stands behind the rightmost figure, contemplating the scene without moving. Here, “charity” could be understood as a collaborative gesture between French and Spanish troops in order to bury their victims. In the engraving, however, Goya eliminates all of the hats, thus substantially changing its meaning, as now, only Spaniards are involved in the rapid burial that takes place before the figure of a serious old man who appears to close his eyes in the presence of this tragedy. (Text from: Matilla, J.M.: Caridad, in: Goya en tiempos de Guerra, Madrid: Museo Nacional del Prado, 2008, pp. 322-323)

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Technical data

Related artworks

Charity
Wash on ivory paper, 1810
Inventory number
D004247
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Title
Charity
Date
1810
Technique
Red chalk; Conté crayon
Support
Ivory laid paper
Dimension
Height: 189 mm.; Width: 237 mm.
Series
Desastres de la guerra [dibujo]
Provenance
Javier Goya; Mariano Goya; Valentín Carderera; Mariano Carderera; Museo del Prado, 12.11.1886.

Bibliography +

D'Achiardi, Pierre, Les Dessins de D. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes Au Musée du Prado à Madrid, II, D.Anderson, Roma, 1908.

Delteil, Loys, Francisco Goya: Le peintre graveur ilustré, I, Chez L'Auteur, Paris, 1922.

Mayer, August L., Francisco de Goya, Labor, Barcelona, 1925, pp. 231.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Sala de los dibujos de Goya, II, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1928, pp. 132.

Adhemar, J., Goya. Exposition de L'Oeuvre Grave, de peintures, des tapisseries et de cent dix dessins du Musée du Prado, Bibliothèque National de France, Paris, 1935, pp. 43.

Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Los desastres de la guerra de Goya y sus dibujos preparatorios, Instituto Amatller de Arte Hispánico, Barcelona, 1952, pp. 61, 154.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Los dibujos de Goya : reproducidos a su tamaño y su color, I, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1954, pp. 100.

Gassier, Pierre, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. nº 1039.

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para Grabados y Pinturas, II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 240.

Derozier, C., La Guerre D'Independance Espagnole a Travers L'Estampe (1808..., II, Universidad de Lille, Lille, 1976, pp. 882-883.

Blas, Javier, El libro de los desastres de la guerra Francisco de Goya. Vol. I, Museo del Prado: R.A.B.A.S.F., Madrid, 2000.

Vibolt Knudsen, Vibeke, Goya's Realism, Statens Museum For Kunst, Copenhague, 2000, pp. 180.

Nieto Alcaide, V, La guerra y lo imaginario en la pintura de Goya. En Historias inmortales, Barcelona, 2003, pp. 319-329.

Matilla, José Manuel, Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio, Universidad de Salamanca, 2008.

Goya: en tiempos de guerra, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 322.

Bordes J., Matilla J.M. y Balsells S, Goya, cronista de todas las guerras: los ''desastres'' y la fotografía de guerra, Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno y Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; Madrid, 2009, pp. 134.

Matilla Rodríguez, José Manuel, Ligereza y atrevimiento. Dibujos de Goya, Fundación Botín,, Santander, 2017, pp. 109 n.61.

Other inventories +

Colección Dibujos Goya (Numeración Sánchez Catón). Núm. 132.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 1039.

Exhibitions +

Goya. Drawings. "Only my Strength of Will Remains"
Madrid
20.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Ligereza y atrevimiento. Dibujos de Goya
Santander
22.06.2017 - 30.09.2017

Goya in Times of War
Madrid
15.04.2008 - 13.07.2008

Goya. Images and Reality
Copenhague
11.02.2000 - 07.05.2000

Location +

Room A (Temporary Exhibition)

Exposición Temporal
Update date: 08-11-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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