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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file


1815 - 1819. Etching, Aquatint, Burnisher on wove paper. Not on display

Disparates, 16, Exhortation. The print varies from this preparatory drawing in certain aspects of its composition. It increases the number of figures, which makes it more confusing, and adds a dramatic tone to the woman’s facial expression. The series of figures aligned to form a chain alludes to the difficulty of choosing between virtue and chastity, on one hand; and lechery and vice, on the other. The priest shown scolding a man represents reflection, reason and good; while the masked figures that appear on the left beside a woman pulling on a man, symbolize hypocrisy and lies. Sánchez Cantón titled the drawing, Advice, while Camón Aznar chose the title Triple Folly, which Gassier maintained in 1975.


Technical data

Related artworks

Red wash on laid paper, 1815 - 1819
Etching on ivory paper, 1815 - 1819
Inventory number
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
1815 - 1819
Etching; Aquatint; Burnisher
Wove paper
Height: 253 mm.; Width: 365 mm.; Height of the plate mark: 244 mm.; Width of the plate mark: 357 mm.
Disparates [estampa], 16
Georges Prôvot, París; venta Prôvot, Hôtel Drouot, París, 10/04/1935; Kunsthandlung Helmut H. Rumbler, Frankfurt; Acquisition for the Prado Museum with funds from the Legacy of the Villaescusa, 1992.

Bibliography +

Lefort, Paul, Essai d'un catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre gravé et litographié de Francisco Goya, Gazette des Beaux-Arts, X, 1868, pp. 165-180.

Lefort, Paul, Francisco Goya. Étude biographique et critique suivie de l'essai d'un catalogue raisonné de son oeuvre gravé et lithographié, Librairie Renouard, París:, 1877, pp. nº 139.

Beruete y Moret, Aureliano de, Goya grabador, III, Blass y Cía, Madrid:, 1918, pp. 115, nº 200.

Loga, Valerian von, Francisco de Goya, G. Grotesche, Berlin, 1921, pp. nº 698.

Young, Blamire, The Proverbs of Goya, Jonathan Cape, Londres:, 1923, pp. 126-127.

Mayer, August L., Francisco de Goya, Labor, Barcelona, 1925, pp. 279, nº V (698)-16, il. 395.

Wight, F.S., The Revulsions of Goya. Subconscious Communications in the Etchings, The Journal of Aesthetics & Art Criticism, V, 1946, pp. 16, 18.

Camón Aznar, José, Los disparates de Goya y sus dibujos preparatorios, Instituto Amatller de Arte Hispánico, Barcelona, 1951, pp. 82-83, [179-181], nº 16.

Delteil, Loys, Goya. Facsimil 1922, Collectors editions; Da Capo Press, Nueva York, 1969, pp. nº 217.

Gassier, Pierre y Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l`oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. nº 1596.

Gassier, Pierre, Vida y obra de Francisco de Goya: reproducción de su obra completa: pinturas, dibujos y grabados, Juventud, Barcelona, 1974, pp. nº 1596.

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para grabados y pinturas, II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 454-455, nº 301.

Holo, Selma Reuben, Goya. Los Disparates, Museum of Art, Washington State University Press, Washington:, 1976, pp. 15.

Camón Aznar, José, Francisco de Goya, IV, Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja, Zaragoza, 1982, pp. 96.

Harris, Tomas, Goya. Engravings and lithographs, II, Alan Wofsy Fine Arts, San Francisco:, 1983, pp. 399, nº 263.

Bozal, Valeriano, Imagen de Goya, Lumen, Madrid, 1983, pp. 265-268.

Armstrong Roche, M., ''Disparate del indeciso'', en: Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración, Museo del Prado, Madrid:, 1988, pp. 409-410, nº 142.

Vega, Jesusa, Museo del Prado: catálogo de estampas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1992, pp. 110, nº 450.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E., ''Disparates'', en: Goya grabador, Fundación Juan March, Madrid:, 1994, pp. 198-219, [215].

Carrete, J., Matilla, J.M., Aullón de Haro, P., Bozal, V., Glendinning, N. y Vega, J., Disparates, Francisco Goya. Tres visiones, Calcografía Nacional, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid:, 1996, pp. 111, [188-189], nº 36.

Goya, Electa, Roma:, 2000, pp. 140-141, nº 48.

Calcografía Nacional, Calcografía Nacional. Catálogo general, II, Real Academia de San Fernando, Madrid, 2004, pp. 484, nº 3988.

André-Deconchat, S., Assante di Panzillo, M. y Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, ''Catalogue'', en: Goya graveur, Nicolas Chaudun y Paris musées, París, 2008, pp. 292, nº 201.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2298.

Inscriptions +

Inscribed. Front, upper central area

Update date: 25-10-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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