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Bury Them and Keep Quiet
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

Bury Them and Keep Quiet

1810 - 1814. Pencil ground, Red chalk on ivory laid paper. Not on display

This preparatory drawing for Disasters of War 18, Bury Them and Keep Quiet, suggests that the worst consequence of a war is undoubtedly death. As we have seen, the representation of the victims is one the Disasters’ principal objectives. Almost from the start, Goya emphatically conveys the collective nature of the slaughter. Depicting a cadaver is a way of expressing violence, but showing a disorderly pile of dead bodies exacerbates the tragic import of such an event. The cadavers are frequently unclothed, and their classical presentation with accentuated foreshortening contrasts ideal beauty with the tragedy of death. [...] This subject’s frequency leads Goya to eliminate the scant spatial references that existed in the drawing, presenting the macabre scene on a sloped and undefined terrain. Various nuances imbue it with an extreme conceptual violence. First, the placement of the naked bodies, which had previously been stripped of their clothing in a manner depicted by Goya in Disaster 16, They Make Use of Them; second, the violent foreshortening of the bodies, which reflects both their rigor mortis and the idea that they have been tossed aside in a haphazard way, like mere objects. Third, their grimaces, which indicate how painful their final moments were; and finally, the manner in which their shoes have been abandoned in the foreground, symbolizing the violent loss of life. But Goya further augments the expressivity of this drawing by conveying the smell of rotting bodies through the postures of two figures -a man and a woman- whom he presents as witnesses to the slaughter (Text drawn from Matilla, J. M.: Enterrar y callar, in: Goya en tiempos de guerra, Madrid: Museo Nacional del Prado, 2008, 318 and 319).


Technical data

Related artworks

Bury Them and Keep Quiet
Burnished wash on ivory paper, 1810 - 1814
Inventory number
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Bury Them and Keep Quiet
1810 - 1814
Pencil ground; Red chalk
Ivory laid paper
Height: 185 mm.; Width: 236 mm.
Desastres de la guerra [dibujo], 18
Javier Goya; Mariano Goya; Valentín Carderera; Mariano Carderera; Museo del Prado, 12-11-1886.

Bibliography +

D'Achiardi, Pierre, Les Dessins de D. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes Au Musée du Prado à Madrid, II, D.Anderson, Roma, 1908.

Delteil, Loys, Francisco Goya: Le peintre graveur ilustré, I, Chez L'Auteur, Paris, 1922.

Mayer, August L., Francisco de Goya, Labor, Barcelona, 1925, pp. 231.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Sala de los dibujos de Goya, II, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1928, pp. 123.

Adhemar, J., Goya: Exposition de L'Oeuvre Grave, de peintures, de tapisseries et de cent dix dessins du Musée du Prado, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, 1935, pp. 42.

Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Los desastres de la guerra de Goya y sus dibujos preparatorios, Instituto Amatller de Arte Hispánico, Barcelona, 1952, pp. 61 y 147.

Uberwasser, Goya: gemalde, zeichnungen, graphik, tapisserien, Kunsthalle Basel, Basilea, 1953, pp. 85.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Los dibujos de Goya : reproducidos a su tamaño y su color, I, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1954, pp. 92.

Gassier, Pierre, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. nº 1021.

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para grabados y pinturas., II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1973, pp. 222.

Sayre, Eleanor A., The Changing Image. Prints by Francisco Goya, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1974.

Derozier, C., La Guerre D'Independance Espagnole a Travers L'Estampe (1808..., II, Universidad de Lille, Lille, 1976, pp. 867.

Hofmann, W., John Flaxman. Mytologie Und Industrie, Prestel: Kunsthalle, Múnich, 1979, pp. nº 243.

Bozal, Valeriano, Imagen de Goya, Lumen, Barcelona, 1983, pp. 201-203, 252.

Blas, Javier, El libro de los desastres de la guerra Francisco de Goya, Museo del Prado: R.A.B.A.S.F., Madrid, 2000.

Nieto Alcaide, V, La guerra y lo imaginario en la pintura de Goya. En Historias inmortales, Barcelona, 2003, pp. 319-329.

Matilla, José Manuel, Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio, Universidad de Salamanca, 2008.

Goya: en tiempos de guerra, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 318.

Bordes, J., Matilla, J.M. y Balsells, S., Goya: cronista de todas las guerras : los Desastres y la fotografía de guerra, Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno y Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Las Palmas De Gran Canaria Y Madrid, 2009, pp. 116.

Matilla, J. M., Goya: luces y sombras, Fundación la Caixa y Museo Nacional del Prado, Barcelona y Madrid, 2012, pp. 56.

Matilla, J.M. Mena M.B., Goya: dibujos. Solo la voluntad me sobra, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2019, pp. 200 nº 122.

Other inventories +

Colección Dibujos Goya (Numeración Sánchez Catón). Núm. 123.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 1021.

Inscriptions +

"123" (sobre adhesivo)
Inscribed in pen and ink. Back, lower left area

Inscribed. Front, lower left area


Exhibitions +

Goya. Drawings. "Only my Strength of Will Remains"
20.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Solo la voluntad me sobra. Dibujos de Francisco de Goya
19.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Goya: luces y sombras. Obras maestras del Museo del Prado
15.03.2012 - 24.06.2012

Goya in Times of War
15.04.2008 - 13.07.2008

Goya: 1ª edición de los Desatres de la guerra
26.11.1992 - 31.01.1993

Update date: 05-01-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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