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Masks of caricatures who stood out for their significance
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

Masks of caricatures who stood out for their significance

1796 - 1797. Pencil, Iron gall ink, Red chalk on laid paper Not on display

A preparatory drawing for the etching, Capricho 57, The filiation (G02145). Together, the twenty-six pen-and-ink drawings that constitute the basis for The Caprichos are known as The Dreams. The first, Dream 1, The Author Dreaming (D03923), became number 43 in the Caprichos. This was a common subject during that period. In the composition, a standing man reads to a seated woman. Both wear masks. Another man scrutinizes them with a monocle while the monkey on his shoulders looks directly out at the viewer, and various other figures appear in the background. The layout of the print does not entirely correspond to that of the preparatory drawing. The reading man has been replaced by a woman, and there are two figures standing behind them, rather than one. Moreover, these two wear a different hat than the one that appears in the original composition. The print’s subject (with coincides with that of the preparatory drawing) is clarified by Valentín Carderera’s handwritten notes at both the Museo del Prado and the Biblioteca Nacional. The first reads: Here it is a matter of fooling the suitor by showing him, in the record of nobility, who the young lady’s parents, grandparents, great grandparents and great-great grandparents were. And who is she? He will soon find out. The meaning becomes even clearer in Carderera’s second note: Vain people pretend to descend from great men, when their distant relatives are barely known, and it takes a pair of spectacles even to see what is close by. Goya’s social criticism is manifest here. The Museo del Prado has a series of works related to Dream 11 (G02145/G00651), while the Musée du Louvre has a preliminary drawing in India ink from Album B, 59 (?), and there is a steel-plated copper plate from the same series at Madrid’s Calcografía Nacional (217 x 152 mm, 503.05 g. No. 3483). (Text from: Matilla, J.M. and others: El libro de los Caprichos. Francisco de Goya: dos siglos de interpretaciones, 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1999, pp. 21, 298).

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Related artworks

The filiation
Etching on ivory laid paper, 1797 - 1799
Inventory number
D004201
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Title
Masks of caricatures who stood out for their significance
Date
1796 - 1797
Technique
Pencil; Iron gall ink; Red chalk
Support
Laid paper
Dimension
Height: 293 mm.; Width: 187 mm.
Series
Caprichos [dibujo]. Serie Los Sueños, 57, 11
Provenance
Javier Goya, Madrid, 1828; Mariano Goya, Madrid, 1854; Valentín Carderera, Madrid, c. 1861; Mariano Carderera, Madrid, 1880; Museo del Prado, 12-11-1886

Bibliography +

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para Grabados y Pinturas, II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 87.

Salas, Xavier de, Goya Das Zeitalter Der Revolution 1789-1830, Prestel Verlag: Kunsthalle, Múnich ; Hamburgo, 1980, pp. nº 47.

Glendinning, Nigel, Goya, la década de los Caprichos : retratos 1792-1804, Real Academia Bellas Artes San Fernando, Madrid, 1992.

Vega, Jesusa, 'El sueño dibujado' En:, Realidad y sueño en los viajes de Goya. Actas de las I Jornadas de arte de Fuendetodos (1994)., Zaragoza, 1996, pp. 41-67 [48].

Vega, Jesusa, 'El sueño dibujado' En:, Realidad y sueño en los viajes de Goya. Actas de las I Jornadas de arte de Fuendetodos (1994)., Zaragoza, 1996, pp. 41-67 [53 f.16].

Matilla, José Manuel, El Libro de los Caprichos: dos siglos de interpretaciones 1799-1999. Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera edición, Museo Nacional de Prado, Madrid, 1999, pp. 21, 298.

Seipel, Wilfried, Francisco de Goya 1746-1828 : Prophet Der Moderne, Dumont Literatur Und Kunst Verlag, Köln, 2005.

Matilla, José Manuel, Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio, Universidad de Salamanca, 2008.

Other inventories +

Colección Dibujos Goya (Numeración Sánchez Catón). Núm. 30.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 624.

Catálogo Gassier, 1975. Núm. II 50.

Exhibitions +

Goya. Drawings. "Only my Strength of Will Remains"
Madrid
20.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Solo la voluntad me sobra. Dibujos de Francisco de Goya
Madrid
19.11.2019 - 16.02.2020

Goya - Profeta de la Modernidad (Berlín / Viena)
Viena
18.10.2005 - 29.01.2006

Goya: la década de los Caprichos
Madrid
26.10.1992 - 10.01.1993

Location +

Room A (Temporary Exhibition)

Exposición Temporal
Update date: 19-11-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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