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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file


1795. Oil on unlined canvas.
Room 036

This Self-Portrait’s small size indicates that it was intended for private and intimate use, as a gift to someone of interest to Goya. It came from the heirs of Tomás de Berganza, a butler to the Duke and Duchess of Alba who continued in the Duchess’s service after the Duke’s death. This provenance fueled a mid-19th-century romantic legend about Goya’s involvement with the Duchess, as the work was thought to have been his gift to her. In fact, the only indication that this small portrait ever belonged to María Teresa de Siva is the Berganza family’s oral tradition, which considered it one of three works that she gave to her butler. The other two were The Duchess of Alba and La Beata (P07020) and La Beata and the children, Luis de Berganza and María de la Luz (private collection), both of which date from around 1795. The present Self-Portrait must have been painted around the same time, or slightly later, as is indicated by the artist’s clothing and short, loose, unpowdered hair.

Goya depicts himself in front of a greenish-gray background that is significantly more luminous around his figure, as if it shined with a light derived from his work. In his case, this is particularly interesting, as he used it as a metaphor for his ideas about knowledge and progress -very much in keeping with the Enlightenment. The artist is elegantly dressed and sits on a discrete, refined armchair with a gilded frame and red velvet upholstery that also appears in the portraits he painted in that period. The canvas in front of him rests on an easel that is outside the picture. This would seem to indicate that he is painting the portrait of someone seated where the viewer stands, as he looks directly out of the composition with his characteristically direct and profound gaze, seizing both the outer and inner, psychological aspects of his model. The artist’s features, as well as his tousled hair, closely resemble those on a drawing from the same period: his Self-Portrait with the Medallion (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York). His hair is equally tousled in both works, reflecting the movement of his inspiration. According to Cesare Ripa’s Iconologia (first edition, 1593), this has been a symbol of creative genius since the Renaissance (Text drawn from Mena Marqués, M.: Goya: luces y sombras, 2012, p. 76).


Technical data

Inventory number
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Unlined canvas
Height: 18.2 cm; Width: 12.2 cm
Duchess of Alba (?), 1802; Tomás de Berganza, 1807; Luis de Berganza, Madrid, 1834; Carmen Berganza de Martín (Madrid, ca. 1900), Pilar Martín Berganza, Antonio Martín; Edmund Peel & Asociados, Madrid, 31.10.1989; Collection of Gutiérrez de Calderón, 1989-1995; acquisition for the Prado Museum with funds from the Villaescusa Legacy, 1995.

Bibliography +

Catálogo de obras de Goya expuestas en el Ministerio de Instrucción Pública y Bellas Artes, Ministerio de Instrucción Pública y Bellas Artes, Madrid, 1900, pp. 35, n. 101.

Loga, V. von, Francisco de Goya, G. Grote`sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlín, 1903, pp. 197, n. 239.

Beruete y Moret, Aureliano de, Goya pintor de retratos, I, Blass y Cía., Madrid, 1916, pp. 168, n. 8.

Loga, V. von, Francisco de Goya, G. Grote`sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlín, 1921, pp. 195, n. 239.

Mayer, A. L., Francisco de Goya, F. Bruckmann A. G., Munich, 1923, pp. 193, n. 300.

Ezquerra del Bayo, J., La duquesa de Alba y Goya. Estudio biográfico y artístico, Ruíz Hermanos, Madrid, 1928, pp. 281.

Wehle, H. B., Fifty Drawings by Francisco de Goya, The Metropolitan Museum of Arts. Papers, 7, 1941, pp. 7-8.

Gudiol, José, Goya, 1746-1828: Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, I, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1970, pp. 291, n. 338.

Gassier, Pierre y Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l`oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. 188, n. 665.

Salas, Xavier de, El Arte de Goya, Mainichi Shimbun, Tokio, 1971, pp. n. 40.

Angelis, Rita de, L'Opera Pittorica Completa Di Goya, Rizzoli, Milán, 1974, pp. 108, n. 302.

Gassier, Pierre, Vida y obra de Francisco de Goya: reproducción de su obra completa: pinturas, dibujos y grabados, Juventud, Barcelona, 1974.

Angelis, Rita de, La obra pictórica completa de Goya, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 108, n. 321.

Gudiol, José, Goya, 1746-1828: Biographie, Etude Analytique et Catalogue de ses Peintures, I, Ediciones Poligrafa S.A., Barcelona, 1984, pp. 106, n. 314.

Rincón García, W., El autorretrato en la pintura española. De Goya a Picasso, Fundación Cultural Mapfre Vida, Madrid, 1991, pp. 66, n. 7.

Glendinning, Nigel, Goya. La década de los Caprichos. Retratos 1792-1804, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, 1992, pp. n. 62.

Rincón García, W., Retratos de Madrid, Villa y Corte, Ayuntamiento de Madrid, Madrid, 1992, pp. 130, n. 41.

Wilson- Bareau, Juliet; Mena Marqués, Manuela, Goya, el capricho y la invención: cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1994, pp. 258; 370, n. 63.

Bareau, Juliet Wilson, Goya, truth and fantasy: the small paintings, Yale University Press, Madrid; Londres; Chicago, 1994, pp. 258; 364, n. 63.

Morales y Marín, José Luis, Goya. Catalogo de la Pintura, Academia de Bellas Artes de San Luis, Zaragoza, 1994, pp. 242, n. 260.

Luna, J. J., Moreno de las Heras, M. (dir.), Goya: 250 Aniversario, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1996, pp. 366-367, n. 89.

Moreno de las Heras, Margarita, Goya: pinturas del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1997, pp. 211, n. 72.

Vega, Jesusa, ''Retrato de Goya'', en: Goya 1900. Catálogo ilustrado y estudio de la exposición en el Ministerio de Instrucción Pública y Bellas Artes, II, Dirección Gral. BB. AA. y Bienes Culturales, Instituto del Patrimonio Histórico Español, Madrid, 2002, pp. 200-201, n. 101; 133.

Augé, J. L., ''Autoportrait'', en Clair, J. (dir.): Mélancolie. Génie et folie en Occident. En Hommage a Raymond Klibansky, Réunion des musées nationaux, París, 2005, pp. 312-313, n. 172.

Rose-de Viejo, Isadora, Ausencias / Presencias: signos de presencia en los retratos de Goya, Anales de Historia del Arte, Vol. Extra, 2008, pp. 355-364 [356].

Luna, Juan José, Autorretrato, en Sureda, J. (dir.): Goya e Italia, Fundación Goya y Aragón; Turner, Zaragoza, 2008, pp. 200-201, n. 76.

Mena Marqués, Manuela B., Goya en tiempos de guerra, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 150.

Todts, Herwig, Goya, Redon, Ensor. Grotesque paintings and drawings, Lannoo, Tielt, 2009, pp. 22.

Mena Marqués, Manuela B., ''Autorretrato, 1796-97'', en Matilla, J. M. y Mena Marqués, M. B. (dir.): Goya. Luces y sombras, Fundación ''la Caixa'', Barcelona, 2012, pp. 76-77, n. 2.

Maurer, G., ''Goya: lo bello y lo recóndito'', en Mena Marqués, M. B. (dir.): La belleza encerrada, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 319; 412.

Mena Marqués, M.; Albarrán, V., Azúa, F. de, La belleza cautiva. Pequeños tesoros del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado - Obra Social ''La Caixa'', Barcelona, 2014, pp. 184.

Bray, X., 'Portraying the Spanish Enlightenment (1789-1799)' En:, Goya.The Portraits, National Gallery Company, Londres, 2015, pp. 74-105 [88,94 n.23].

Other inventories +

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 665.

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2591.

Inscriptions +

Signed. Front, Lower right area

Exhibitions +

06.06.2020 - 25.07.2021

Goya y la corte ilustrada
14.02.2018 - 28.05.2018

Goya y la corte ilustrada
27.09.2017 - 21.01.2018

Exposición en el Museo de Israel
09.12.2016 - 18.04.2017

Goya: The Portraits
07.10.2015 - 10.01.2016

Captive Beauty. Small Treasures at the Prado Museum
16.07.2014 - 05.01.2015

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

Goya. Light and Shade
16.03.2012 - 24.06.2012

Goya. Light and Shade
22.10.2011 - 29.01.2012

Goya e Italia
28.05.2008 - 15.09.2008

Génie et folie en occident. Une histoire de la mélancolie
16.02.2006 - 07.05.2006

Génie et folie en occident. Une histoire de la mélancolie
10.10.2005 - 16.01.2006

Location +

Room 036 (On Display)


Displayed objects +

Painting / Paint

Update date: 01-03-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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