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Velázquez and the Celebration of Painting: the Golden Age in the Museo del Prado

The National Museum of Western Art. Tokio 2/24/2018 - 5/27/2018

Comprising 61 thematically organised paintings, the exhibition aims to offer Japanese visitors an exceptional opportunity to appreciate the art of Velázquez and to understand it in relation to the art of his Spanish and European contemporaries, in addition to coming closer to the Spanish court and Spanish society of the Golden Age through some of the finest works created in this context, including paintings by Velázquez himself and others by Titian, Rubens, Luca Giordano, Jan Brueghel, Anthonis Mor, Zurbarán, Ribera, El Greco, Murillo and Maíno.

While Velázquez is generally located within the context of Spanish painting, his art can be related to a broader context. The Spanish monarchy was global in nature as in addition to the Iberian Peninsula, it also governed in Flanders, in important overseas territories in Italy, Central and South America and in some parts of Asia, such as the Philippines. This cosmopolitan nature is reflected in the royal collections, which were particularly rich in Flemish and Italian artists. At the court of Philip IV painting was clearly an international language that scarcely recognised local boundaries.

It is within this international context that Velázquez’s art can best be appreciated, particularly from 1623 onwards. The works that most influenced him were by the artists so outstandingly represented in the Spanish royal collections, such as Titian, Tintoretto and Rubens, and one of his principal formative experiences was his trip to Rome in 1629 where he encountered classical and Renaissance art at first hand as well as that of his Italian contemporaries.

The thematic ordering chosen for the display of these works allows for a complete understanding of Velázquez’s originality as a narrator. In addition it means that each section includes works by artists of different origins, breaking down boundaries between national schools.

The sections in Velázquez and the Celebration of Painting: the Golden Age in the Museo del Prado reflect different realms of experience. The first three, Art, Knowledge and Mythology, introduce visitors to issues relating to the status of the artist and the work of art, the concept of science and philosophy, and Philip IV’s preference for the nude and for colour in painting. The fourth section, The Court, introduces the King, various individuals close to him and a number of works that he commissioned to decorate the royal residences. One of these portraits, Baltasar Carlos on Horseback by Velázquez, includes a splendid landscape that provides a connecting link with the next two sections in the exhibition, Landscape and Still Life. These focus on the new interest in nature and its representation which arose in the Baroque period. The final section, Religion, includes various masterpieces in which Spanish, Italian and Flemish masters demonstrate the new ways of expressing religious emotions that emerged in the Golden Age.

Curated by Javier Portús, the exhibition also aims to pay tribute to the many Japanese art historians who have studied Spanish Golden Age painting and to transform the Museo del Prado into a privileged intermediary in relations between Japan and Spain.

The commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Spain and Japan is a joint Hispano-Japanese initiative aimed at strengthening and renewing bilateral relations. The inaugural ceremony took place in Madrid on 16 January in the presence of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Alfonso Dastis, and the Japanese Minister of State, Kazuyuki Nakane. 

Curators:
Javier Portús, Museo del Prado Senior Curator Spanish Painting (to 1700). Yusuke Kawase, Curator at The National Museum of Western Art. Tokio.
In collaboration with:
Yomiuri Shimbun

Artworks

62

Noticia general para la estimación de las artes

Gutiérrez de los Ríos, Gaspar

Book, 220 x 172 x 45 mm                                                           

1600     

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

63

Diálogos de la pintura

Carducho, Vicente     

Book, 203 x 150 x 44 mm                                                           

1634      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

64

Arte de la pintura

Pachecho, Francisco                

Book, 200 x 155 x 55 mm                                                           

1649      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

65

El museo pictorico y escala optica T.1

Palomino de Castro y Velasco, Acisclo Antonio      

Book, 296 x 217 x 40 mm                                                           

1715      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

66

Principios para estudiar el nobilissimo

García Hidalgo, José               

Book, 290 x 210 x 180 mm                                                        

1693      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

67

Pompa introitus

Gevaerts, Gaspard    

Book, 568 x 418 x 50 mm                                                           

1641      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

68

Viage de la Catholica Real Magestad

Lavanha, João Baptista         

Book, 465 x 325 x 42 mm                                                           

1622      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

69

Fiestas de la S. Iglesia metropolitana y patriarcal de Sevilla

Torre Farfán, Fernando de la            

Book, 298 x 205 x 40 mm                                                          

1671      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

70

Descripción del Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo del Escorial

Francisco de los Santos         

Book, 300 x 225 x 40 mm                                                          

1657      

Madrid, Biblioteca Museo Nacional del Prado

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